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Criminal Justice: Exam 1
Terms in this set (76)
ensuring that citizens are protected from abusive power by government is:
following the events of September 11th, 2001, president Busch declared:
War on Terrorism
what was viewed as the most serious problem in the US according to Gallup Poll in 1965?
a social system designed to maintain order and regulate interaction is known as:
system of social control
in 1967 President Johnson's Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Justice concluded that:
the Criminal Justice System was a dynamic system constantly adjusting and changing
what can be divided into law enforcement, prosecutors and the courts, probation and parole, and jails
Criminal Justice System
which model emphasizes public order, and swift, efficient and effective punishment?
crime control model
which of the following was NOT a phenomenon that has driven interest in the criminal justice system?
declining birth rate
*which act made it illegal for businesses, motels, restaurants and public transportation providers to deny citizens service based on race?
Civil Rights Act of 1964
civil disobedience was a tactic used by activists in which?
Civil Rights Movement
*who has the authority to ultimately decide what charges will be filed against the defendant?
*at what point in the Criminal Justice Process is the defendant asked to enter a formal plea of either guilty or not guilty to the charges?
which panel of citizens needs evidence from a prosecutor to determine if a defendant should be brought to trial?
sociology is the study of what behavior?
Which of the following is a purpose for booking a suspect into jail?
to establish the identity of the person
which US Supreme Court decision established the Exclusionary Rule?
Weeks v. United States
what was the landmark case that abolished capital punishment for juveniles?
Roper v. Simmons
the guilt of the defendant is determined through trial, plea bargaining, or dismissal of charges, which is what stage in the Criminal Justice Process?
*a decision issued by a grand jury authorizing the prosecutor to arraign the defendant is called
true bill -- if no arrest then it is no bill
which one of the following events below is evidence to that the American Colonists believed in evil spirits, supernatural explanations, and used the judicial process to rid the colonies of satanic influences
Salem Witch Trials
an attempt to define and explain factors that predict behavior under certain conditions is termed:
theories that share the assumption of free will and rational choice are commonly called:
Classical School Theories
*whose theory of the "Criminal Man" was the first important positivist theory to emerge?
which perspective emphasized that a person's criminal nature was an inherited characteristic?
early biological theories
Cesare Lombroso and Richard Dugdale were proponents of what?
Freudian Theory argues that:
crime is committed to alleviate feelings of guilt, so no one will be punished
which of the following is a variable that criminologists believe influences criminal behavior?
biology, psychology, sociology
what century did the demand for accurate crime data emerge?
the prohibition amendment is also known as the:
which of the following is considered a part 1 offense?
rape, murder, burglary
*which agency is responsible for compiling the data for the UCR?
*The Dark Figure of crime statistics is referring to:
the National Crime Victimization Survey was first originated in what decade?
Which age group has the highest rate of victimization?
the study of victims and their patterns of victimization is known as:
*which of the following is a part 2 offense?
which theory explains personal victimization as an outgrowth of a victim's high risk behavior patterns and associations
which movement grew out of the dissatisfaction of victims with the passive role, neglect and minimization of harm they suffered?
Victim's Rights Movement
which president convened the president's Task Force on victims of crime?
Which of the following rights are guaranteed by the crime victims rights act?
1. to be reasonably protected, notified, present and heard at various stages in the criminal justice system
2. to confer with the prosecutor
3. to receive restitution
according to the 2015 crime clock statistics, a larceny theft occurred every:
*which federal agency is responsible for collecting crime data?
parking violation or underage drinking are examples of what behavior?
which of the following can the president issue regarding the execution of legislation that oversees the behavior of officers and agencies of the executive branch?
which limit of the law requires the publication of law before it can be enforced
principle of legality
which limit of the law protects a person from being punished for an action committed before such a law existed?
ex post facto laws
the law must provide clear and specific language to define a prohibited behavior. if they do NOT, they might be considered:
void for vagueness
the principle that a person has commonsense understanding that the results of his or her behavior might cause harm is termed:
*actions that do NOT require criminal intent to be considered a criminal act are called:
*an incomplete criminal act that is the closest act to completion of a crime is an:
what is accurate in regard to the consent defense?
it could be a defense in certain sporting events that might result in an opponent's death
*Mr. Smith claims an undercover police officer supplied him with a gun and drove him to a bank encouraging him to rob it. what defense would Mr. Smith claim?
which of the following defenses is a justification defense?
which defense is sometimes nicknamed as the "lesser of two evils"
Mrs. Johnson shot and killed a man who was trying to break into her house. what is the legal basis for her defending herself from a home invasion?
a legal claim by a defendant that he or she did not understand the difference between right and wrong because they were suffering from a disease or mental defect is known as:
which of the following is NOT a crime against a person
which of the following charges would most likely be filed for a vehicular homicide as a result of drunk driving?
which is considered a crime against habitation?
the offense of burglary combines two lesser crimes, trespass and:
intent to commit a crime
geographic limitations of responsibility for a municipal police department is termed a:
about what percentage of municipal police departments employ more than 100 full time officers?
which agency is the oldest policing authority in the US
which of the following is NOT a major responsibility for a sheriff's department?
providing a Coroner for the county
which law enforcement level is the most local and visible with over 12,000 departments?
what term is used to refer to non crime fighting services performed by the police, such as mediation, providing for the welfare of vulnerable persons, and crime control?
there are three distinctively different types of federal agencies: military police, civilian police, and:
Native American Tribal Police
The US Marshals Service was established by:
the Judiciary Act of 1789
when first formed, the initial responsibility for the US secret service was:
investigating counterfeiting and currency violations
the earliest duties of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms were related to the need to enforce which of the following?
which of the following federal agencies can only perform administrative operations and not law enforcement operations on American soil?
Central Intelligence Agency
Jurisdiction of local police agencies is limited to the geographical boundaries of the:
which of the following theories believes that tolerating public order violations and disruptive behavior leads to community neglect, which fosters further disorder and crime?
Broken Window theory
which of the following is included in the category of special police?
what is the number of police officers killed feloniously in 2014?
which of the following terms describe a hierarchical administrative structure organized by ranks with a single person responsible for all per
command and control structure
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