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AMSCO AP Government and Politics: Chapter 3 The Legislative Branch
Terms in this set (56)
The division of a legislature into two separate assemblies (or houses)
pork barrel spending
The use of government funds for projects designed to please voters or legislators and win votes
Manipulate the boundaries of (an electoral constituency) so as to favor one party
Political districts in which candidates elected to the House of Representatives win in close elections, typically with less than 55 percent of the vote.
Established the popular election of United States senators by the people of the states. Prior to its passage senators were elected by state legislatures
Permanent committees that meet regularly and are assigned work on an ongoing basis
Committees of Congress appointed by the House of Representatives and Senate to resolve disagreements on a particular bill
Groups of members of the United States Congress that meet to pursue common legislative objectives.
An attempt to defeat a bill in the Senate by talking indefinitely, thus preventing the Senate from taking action on the bill
Procedure that may be used to limit or end floor debate in the Senate
Powers inferred by the expressed powers that allow Congress to carry out its functions (powers not expressly stated in the constitution but are reasonably suggested)
Packages together several measures into one or combines diverse subjects into a single bill.
ex. reconciliation bills, combined appropriations bills, and private relief and claims bills.
The redrawing of congressional and other legislative district lines following the census, to accommodate population shifts and keep districts as equal as possible in population
Baker v. Carr (1962)
A court case that ordered state legislative districts to be as near equal as possible in population; Warren Court's judicial activism.
"One man, one vote."
Shaw v. Reno (1993)
A court case that decided that redistricting based on race must be held to a standard of strict scrutiny under the equal protection clause while bodies doing redistricting must be conscious of race to the extent that they must ensure compliance with the Voting Rights Act
President Pro Tempore
The constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the normal presiding officer
Amendments attached to a bill, usually unrelated to the subject of the underlying bill
House committee that determines which bills come to the floor and sets rules and procedures for how they will be debated and amended
Refers to a committee consisting of members of the House of Representatives and the Senate
Committee of the Whole
A device in which the House of Representatives is considered one large committee. This is usually done for the purposes of discussion and debate of the details of bills and other main motions
House districts in which the winning incumbent of the general election carries more than 55 percent of the vote
Formed for a specific purpose and usually for a limited period of time. They rarely get legislative power. Instead they conduct investigations and studies. They are found in both the House and Senate.
Officials in a Congress who enforce other members in the party to vote in accordance with the party's policies
advice and consent
In the United States this is a power of the United States Senate to be consulted on and approve treaties signed and appointments made by the President of the United States to public positions, including Cabinet secretaries, federal judges, United States Attorneys, and ambassadors.
Committee on Committees (Republican)
Republican group that recommends committee assignments
Leadership position in each party below the rank of Whip that handles party matters
Congress using its powers to ensure that executive agencies are carrying out their legislative intent
A way to bring a bill to the floor without it having to pass through committee...very rare and considered a strong rebuke to majority party leadership
Funds allocated to a political project often as a favor to a legislator's home district and without proper review
Congressional powers explicitly stated in the Constitution
Serve as the chief leaders and spokespeople for each party in Congress
House Judiciary Committee
Committee in charge of overseeing the federal judicial system, conducting hearings on judicial nominees, and initiating impeachment charges
Ways and Means Committee
The chief taxation committee of the U.S. House of Representatives
The process by which a U.S. congressional committee or state legislative session debates, amends, and rewrites proposed legislation.
When a bill is sent to multiple committees that can address it simultaneously
Something that is attempted to be added to a bill that is not relevant to the subject matter of the bill that is being debated
The process by which congressional districts are redrawn and seats are redistributed among states in the House of Representatives
When a bill is sent to one committee and then to a second committee after the first committee finishes with it
A lawmaker in Congress who introduces a bill
A form of congressional representation in which members of Congress are entrusted with the responsibility to act on the best interests of their districts while using their own independent judgment
Steering and Policy Committee (Democrats)
Committee used by Democrats to assign committee members
Government practice of spending more than it takes in from taxes
The philosophy that legislators should adhere to the will of their constituents
Role played by elected representatives who act as trustees or as delegates, depending on the issue.
The inability of the government to act because rival parties control different parts of the government
A procedural practice in the Senate whereby a senator temporarily blocks the consideration of the bill or nomination.
To formally charge a public official with misconduct in office
A sum paid or charged for the use of money or for borrowing money
Federal spending required by law that continues without the need for annual approvals by Congress.
President of the Senate
Senate Majority Leader
The chief spokesperson of the majority party in the Senate, who directs the legislative program and party strategy.
Speaker of the House
The leader of the majority party who serves as the presiding officer of the House of Representatives
Districts where no single candidate or party has overwhelming support
A Senate requirement, applied to most of that body's business, that all senators agree before an action can proceed.
War Powers Act
Passed by Congress in 1973; the president is limited in the deployment of troops overseas to a sixty-day period in peacetime (which can be extended for an extra thirty days to permit withdrawal) unless Congress explicitly gives its approval for a longer period.
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