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A&P1 test 2 review
Terms in this set (64)
7, 12, 5
The vertebral column includes __ cervical, ____ thoracic, and ___ lumbar vertebrae.
Which disorder of the vertebral column does the person above have?
From deep to superficial, the order of the strata of the epidermis
The occipital condyles articulate with-
which is not a function of bone?
Which is avascular (dose not have blood vessels)?
calcium, phosphate and lipids
Bone is considered an important storage reservoir for:
Red bone marrow
Where does the hemopoiesis occur?
the orientation of collagen fibers in the dermis
Lines of cleavage are a result of:
organ protection, energy storage and thermal insulation
The hypodermis is rich in adipose and thus its functions include:
The lining of the air sacs in the air sacs of the lungs (alveoli) is composed of what epithelium?
The most lethal type of skin cancer is:
Bone cells called ___ break down bone by secreting hydrochloric acid and enzymes that dissolve the matrix.
The knobby region of a long bone at the end that is farthest from the trunk is the :
In compact bone ____ are the tiny little crevices that connect adjacent lacunae, pathways for nutrients and other materials to pass between osteocytes.
True or False? Osteoblasts are bone forming cells; osteoclasts are bone dissolving cells.
Which type of epithelial tissue would be the least protective?
What is the thin layer of connective tissue that lines the medullary cavity of a long bone?
Yellow marrow to Red marrow
Severe anemia may trigger an adaptive conversion of:
melanin, hemoglobin, and carotene
Normally, skin color results from a combination of
ondral ossification begins with an ____ model.
You would most likely find goblet cells in what type of tissue?
Which type of cell produces new bone tissue by secreting matrix?
protect against uv light
The function of melanin in the skin is to:
All of the above: gravity, mechanical stress, calcitonin and parathyroid hormone levels, blood calcium level
Which affects osteoblasts and osteoclasts activity?
Bone growth in which the bone increases in diameter is called :
organic part of the bone matrix that gives tensile strength
Osteoid is the :
Endocrine glands secrete:
Which primary tissue type makes blood, body fat, ligaments & tendons, dermis of the skin and in the cartilage of some joints:
The formation of bone from cartilaginous models is termed:
stimulate osteoclasts to reabsorb bone and release calcium into the blood
Parathyroid hormone and calcitriol:
Vasoconstriction has occurred
Why might someone look pale when they are exposed to a cold temperature?
True or false? In general, mechanical stressor on bone that result from exercise tend to weaken them and lead to more frequent fractures.
protein fibers and ground substance
In connective tissue, the extracellular matrix consist of:
To speed healing form surgery, incisions should be place ____ to lines of cleavage.
Calcitonin ____ osteoclast activity and _____ excretion of calcium from the kidney.
Calcidol circulates in the blood and is converted to calcitriols in the ___.
The most common type of cartilage, name for its glossy appearance ____.
The break of a bone that has been weakened by disease is a ____ fracture, when a broken end of the bone pierces the skin, the fracture is ____.
Which type of cartilage is found on the intercalated discs?
No exceptions, all are functions of the integument
Which is not a function of the integument?
The type of gland that secrets sweat into a hair follicle that is found in the axillary, anal and genital regions is the ____ sweat gland.
dehydration, as water can escape form the body
One of the main dangers of burns is:
Production of this vitamin requires skin exposure to the sun. This vitamin is crucial for regulation of calcium and phosphate.
Which bone is not part of the axial skeleton?
Which of these skull bones cannot be easily palpated?
Cells, protein fibers, and ground substance
What are the three basic components of connective tissue?
Source of all other connective tissue cells
Bone cells are called?
The parietal layer lines the inside of the body cavity.
The visceral layer covers the surface of the internal organs.
What are the differences between the parietal and visceral layers of the serous membrane?
Increase in size of existing cells of a tissue
Increase in number of cells of a tissue
epidermis, dermis, subcutaneous layer
Layers of the integument from surface to deep
Palms of hands and eyelids
where is thick skin found?
Covers most of the body
Where is thin skin found?
Gives blood vessels in dermis a reddish tint. Seen most easily in fair skinned individuals
Occurs in black, brown, tan, yellow-brown shades. Activity and color varying among individuals.
Acquired from yellow-orange vegetables
What is the term for process of scar tissue formation?
Proximal epiphyses of humerus and femur and portions of axial skeleton: skull, vertebrae, ribs, sternum, ossa coxae
Where is red bone marrow found in the adult skeleton?
Stem cells derived from mesenchyme
Low blood calcium levels
Parathyroid hormone and calcitriol are secreted in response to what?
What condition displays a reduction in bone mass by loss of calcium and other minerals, but without yet compromising normal function?
Where does mucous come from?
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