Jainism

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Mahavira was a contemporary or near-contemporary of Gautama the Buddha.
True
Mahavira is said to have been the son of a local ruler who was a pious Jain.
True
All Jains agree that, originally, there were fifty books of scripture, all of them miraculously produced by Mahavira.
False
The monks of the Digambara sect do not even possess clothing.
True
Jains depict the loka as a diagram in the shape of a child, the homunculus.
False
Jains consider the jiva of an insect to be of identical quality to that of a large animal or human being.
True
Scholars situate Parshva's lifetime in the twelfth century B.C.E.
False
Fasting is a quite common practice among Jain laity, especially women.
True
Today the number of Jains in the world is about
5.6 Million
Each of the Jain founding figures is considered to be a jina, or
"Conqueror".
Although there is no record of Mahavira and the Buddha having met,
Their legendary biographies are strikingly similar.
Mahavira preached for some thirty years until, at the age of 72,
He died in the town of Pava, located in the northern Indian state of Bihar.
The most distinctive Jain doctrine is
Ahimsa
Jainism holds that the universe has
An infinite number of jivas, or souls.
The founders of Jainism fit into a general category of religious movements that emphasized as a means of spiritual development
Asceticism
Jains through the centuries have tended to engage in
Trade and other forms of business.
Monks of Jainism's Shvetambara sect
Wear white garments.
Sallekhana is
The intentional fasting of oneself to death.
The full name of the tirthankara popularly known as Mahavira is
Nataputta Vardhamana.
Jains believe that the last human being ever to attain kevala in this world cycle
Is Jambu
Which of the following is not among the twenty-four tirthankaras of the current world cycle?
Kabir
According to Jain belief, because human nature has become continually more depraved Mahavira is
The last jina of the present world cycle.
The Shvetambara sect officially rejects the Digambara texts and follows instead
Eleven The Shvetambara sect officially rejects the Digambara texts and follows instead
According to Jain cosmology, the loka is correctly described as each of the following except:
Will end when all human beings attain kevala.
Which of the following is not categorized with human beings as life forms having five senses?
Shellfish
Among recent remarkable Jain figures, Shrimad Rajacandra is especially known outside India because of
His connection to Mohandas (Mahatma) Gandhi.
The Sthanakvasi and the Terapanthi sects
Reject the worship of images
Among the impressive examples of Jain art and architecture are each of the following except for
The Darbar Sahib at Amritsar.
Buddhist accounts of Gautama's path to enlightenment point out that, unlike Mahavira, the Buddha continued on the path of strict asceticism to the very end of his life.
False
Mahavira is the latest in the line of previous tirthankaras, and most Jains believe that he will be the last.
False
Jains commonly worship deities of the Hindu pantheon.
True
Jains regard the loka as containing within it many lands of which only earth is inhabited by human beings.
False
According to the Jain classification, "sentient creatures" is an extensive category that is made up of all living things that have a central nervous system.
False
The three upper spokes of the wheel that represents the cycle of time are considered to be a golden age of goodness and prosperity.
True
One Sthanakvasi group has recently taken the unprecedented step of promoting to the rank of ācārya a nun, Candanājī.
True
Digambara Jains accept the possibility of women attaining kevala.
False