Abnormal Psychology Chapter 4
The Research Endeavor
Terms in this set (36)
The cause of disease or abnormal condition.
Gathering information about symptoms and possible causes.
1st step of scientific method.
Developing a Testable Hypothesis
2nd step of scientific method.
3rd step of scientific method.
Analyze Data - Accept or Reject Hypothesis
4th step of scientific method.
Publish Research - Publish in Journals, Seek Scientific Review, Replicate
5th step of scientific method.
6th step of scientific method.
Statement that predicting what can happen in a study. An educated guess.
Factor or characteristic that can vary among samples.
Way to measure or manipulate the variable in a study.
IRB stands for?
Institutional Review Board.
Detailed history of individuals who have suffered some form of psychological disorder. In depth study of an individual.
Looking for relationships between variables.
A-->B or B-->A
Looking for cause and effect.
Statistic used to represent the relationship between variables. Falls between -1.00 and +1.00.
Positive Correlation Coefficient
As the values of the independent variable increase, values of the dependent variable also increase.
Negative Correlation Coefficient
As the values of the independent variable increase, values of the dependent variable decrease.
Third Variable Problem
Possibility that variables not measured in a study are the real cause of the relationship between the variables that are measured.
Highly similar to the population of interest in terms of sex, ethnicity, age, and other important variables.
Group Comparison Study
Compares the experiences of one group with those of another.
Group of people taken from a population one wants to study. Population being studied.
Study of the frequency and distribution of a disorder, or a group of disorders, in a population.
Proportion of the population who have a specific disorder at a given point or period in time. How common.
Number of new cases of a specific disorder that develop within a specified period of time.
In an experimental study, group of participants that receive the key manipulation or treatment.
In an experimental study, group of subjects that do not receive the key manipulation or treatment.
Independent Variable (IV)
Factor that is manipulated by an experimenter or used to predict the dependent variable. Changing, manipulating, vary.
Dependent Variable (DV)
Factor that an experimenter seeks to predict. Measuring.
All participants have an equal chance of being in the experimental or the control group.
Double Blind Experiment
Both the participants and the experimenters should be unaware of the experimental or the control group.
Acknowledge and examine similarities and differences between cultures in the nature, causes, and treatment of psychopathology.
Statistical technique for summarizing results across several studies.
A judgement about what is going to happen in the future. Expected outcome. Treatment.
Label given to a set of symptoms that tend to occur together.