13 terms

Mammalogy Lab 5

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Chiroptera- Emballonuridae Balantiopteryx plicata- gray sac-winged bat- NW Mexico to NW Costa Rica
Chiroptera- Noctilionidae Noctilio leporinus- greater bulldog bat- SE Mexico, Central America to SE Brazil and N Argentina
Chiroptera- Mormoopidae Mormoops megalophylla- ghost-faced bat- S Arizona and Texas to NW Peru and N Venezuela
Chiroptera- Mormoopidae Pteronotus parnelli- davy's naked-backed bat- N Mexico to C South America
Chiroptera- Phyllostomidae Artibeus lituratus- great fruit-eating bat- frugivorous- NW Mexico to S Brazil
Chiroptera- Phyllostomidae Desmodus rotundus- vampire bat- hematophagous- S Texas to S America
Chiroptera- Phyllostomidae Macrotus waterhousii- waterhouse's leaf-nosed bat- insectivorous- C Mexico to Guatemala and Greater Antilles
Chiroptera- Phyllostomidae Phyllostomus hastatus- greater spear-nosed bat- omnivorous- Guatemala-Belize to N Argentina
Chiroptera- Phyllostomidae Glossophaga soricina- Pallas's long-tongued bat- nectarivorous- C Mexico to N Argentina
Emballonuridae
1. Small bats (3-5 g) with plain faces and no elaborate structures.
2. Nose is simple with elongated, upturned muzzle with nostrils slightly tube-like and pointed forward.
3. Ear is simple broad triangle; pointed or rounded at tip.
4. Tragus is short, simple stub.
5. Glandular pocket in wing membrane.
6. Tail appears partially sheathed in the uropatagium, except for tip and tail does not extend the full length of uropatagium.
7. Dental formula 1/3, 1/1, 2/2, 3/3 = 32
6 Characteristics of Mormoopidae
1. Small to medium sized with lips expanded to flaring plates and mouth flanked on the upper sides by a mustache of stiff forward-pointing hairs.
2. Two "naked-backed" species have wing membranes that are attached along the midline of the back, covering the fur beneath.
3. The lower rim of the ear is prolonged forward as a long membrane to the corner of the mouth.
4. The tail is enclosed in the uropatagium except for its tip, which emerges free halfway down the membrane.
5. The Calcar is twice as long as the foot.
6. Dental formula: 2/2, 1/1, 2/3, 3/3 = 34
Phyllostomidae
1. 50 genera and 150 species restricted to the New World.
2. A few species inhabit temperate North America, but most are restricted restricted to the Neotropics.
3. Dental formula highly variable.
4. For most genera, nostrils are surrounded by a fleshy fold that has a distinct horseshoe, leaf or spear shape.
5. The point of the chin usually has a naked, V-shaped groove that often is bordered by an array of warts or tubercles.
Characteristics of Noctilionidae
1. Bulldog bats or fishing bats.
2. One genus and two species exclusively Neotropical in distribution.
3. Fairly large with distinctive bulldog-like faces and downward, drooping lips.
4. Feet are relatively large with large claws.
Dental formula: 2/1, 1/1, 1/2, 3/3 = 28