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Arts and Humanities
Terms in this set (50)
Augmentative Alternative Communication definition from ASHA:
Field or area of clinical, educational, and research practice to improve temporarily or permanently, the communication skills of individuals with little or no functional speech and/or writing
What is augmentative communication?
Supplementing or enhancing existing expressive abilities
What is alternative communication?
Replacing natural speech and/or writing abilities
What is the purpose of AAC?
Provide adaptive assistance to individuals whose gestural, spoken, and/or written communication is temporarily or permanently inadequate to meet their communication needs
What are three types of disabilities that can affect communication?
developmental disorders, acquire conditions, degenerative conditions
What is a motor speech impairment impacting the ability to program—organize, plan, and execute movement of the speech muscles, unrelated to muscle weakness, slowness, or paralysis due to central nervous system dysfunction?
What is a motor impairment affecting limbs severely impacting motor control for written communication?
What is a disorder of motor speech control resulting from disturbances in the central and peripheral nervous systems that control the muscles of speech production?
What does dysarthria affect?
speed, range, direction, strength, and timing of motor movements for respiration, phonation, resonance and articulation
What is a non-progressive motor impairment characterized by impaired voluntary movement resulting from prenatal developmental abnormalities or perinatal or postnatal central nervous system damage?
Persistent deficits in social communication and social interaction across multiple contexts along with restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities that are present in the early developmental period (but may not become fully manifest until social demands exceed limited capacities) is called ________________.
Autism Spectrum Disorder
Literally interpreted as "without language". A family of clinically diverse disorders that affect the ability to communicate by oral or written language or both, following brain damage is called ________________.
A rapidly progressing neuromuscular disease that affects speech in the majority of cases is called ___________.
An umbrella term that describes a group of conditions that result in decline in memory or other thinking skills severe enough to reduce a person's ability to perform everyday activities is ________________.
What are 10 purposes of communication?
Respond, Question, Direct, Describe, Clarify, Gain attention, Request, Reject, Greet, Comment
Benkelman and Mirenda, 2013 condenses the purposes of communication as having the ability to:
Acquire social closeness
Use social etiquette
Communicate with oneself
What are the four components of communicative competence?
What is linguistic competence?
-Understanding of receptive and expressive language skills of one's native language
-Knowledge of language spoken by communication partners in order to receive messages (i.e. bilingualism, sign language)
-Knowledge of the linguistic code unique to one's AAC system (i.e. symbol representations, method of message generation
What is operational competence?
Having the technical skills needed to operate the AAC system accurately and efficiently.
What is social competence?
Skills of social interaction such as initiating, maintaining, developing, and terminating communication interactions.
What is strategic competence?
Compensatory strategies used by people who rely on AAC to deal with functional limitations associated with AAC
What are the two different types of AAC devices?
Aided and unaided
Are unaided devices forms of verbal or non-verbal communication?
What are some types of unaided systems?
Proxemics- personal space
What is a structured visual gestural system employing manual gestures, facial expressions and postures of the body for communication?
What is an advantage of sign language?
provides a comprehensive rapid method of communication
What is a disadvantage of sign language?
A complex system requiring learned knowledge for speaker and listener
Any movement randomly assigned meaning and consistently used for specific desired messages and is learned by communication partners is called _____________.
Any vocalization that is consistently used for specific desired messages and is learned by the communication partner is called
What are the 4 types of aided devices?
What is a no-tech AAC device?
Any method of communication that does not involve the use of any technology and use readily available materials.
ex: paper/pencil, alphabet board
What is a low-tech AAC device?
Use of a fairly simple to use device containing few moving parts.
ex: big mac switch, voice amplification
What is a mid-tech AAC device?
Have some amount of electrical power (usually battery powered), speech generation ability, and limited programming options with the ability to store messages
ex: cheap talk, go talk
What is a high-tech AAC device?
Sophisticated electronic device that makes use of computer technology and requires considerable training for programming and use
ex:Prentke Romich ACCENT 1000
Satillo Nova Chat
What are tangible symbols?
The use of real objects, miniature objects, artificially associated items and textured symbols to relay messages.
What is orthography and orthographic symbols?
Any process utilizing letters of the alphabet to transcribe thoughts and ideas into words in print.
ex: Braille, Fingerspelling, writing
Check PPT for additional details
How does ASHA define communication?
any action or behavior that express needs, wants, feelings, and preferences that others can understand
What is the communication definition used for class?
Communication is a mutually understood message intentionally exchanged between at least two people
What does Alternative Diagnostic Methods (ADM) Mean?
means obtaining diagnostic information about the levels of communication competency using methods or strategies other than or in addition to standardized, norm referenced direct assessment tools
When do you use Alternative Diagnostic Methods (ADM)?
-the student cannot adhere to the procedures of standardized assessments and taking them would negatively impact the reliability and validity of the test
-the student cannot understand the content of the assessment at grade level due to cognitive deficits
-the test results achieved do not accurately reflect the individuals abilities
What are the three types of alternative assessment measures?
-Altering standardized tests
-Use informal assessments/observations
What are some examples of alternating standardized assessments?
Present test over a period of times, enlarge stimulus items, use auditory amplification,
What are some advantages of checklists/profiles?
-Not required to follow strict administration guidelines
-Offers information the otherwise would not be obtained
-Based on research findings of communication development
-Provides specific detailed information about level of communication breakdown.
What are some disadvantages of checklists/profiles?
-Many do not offer normative data
-Responses are more subjective
-Reliability and validity of results are compromised.
What are some of the checklists/profiles?
-Developmental Assessment of Young Children-Second Edition (DAYC-2)
-Receptive-Expressive Emergent Language Test-Third Edition (REEL-3)
-Communication Complexity Scale (CCS)
-Functional Independence Skills Handbook (FISH)
-Assessment, Evaluation, and Programming System for Infants and Children (AEPS®), Second Edition
What are informal assessments/observations?
Document information gathered through probing, structured activities, interventions, and observations about communicative behaviors.
How should your report be written if you have made modifications to assessments?
-full disclosure of any deviation from the directions should be made
-if standardized tests are not used, a statement should be made as to why
-methods of evaluation should be cited in the report
-a detailed description of all areas of communication
Who should participate on an evaluation team?
-Parents/key family members
What are the phases of assessment for AAC?
Phase 1: Referral for Augmentative and Alternative Communication
Phase 2: Initial Assessment and Intervention for Today
Phase 3: Detailed Assessment for Tomorrow
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