Causes and Effects of Imperialism in Africa

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Europeans traveled to the new colonies in an effort to make a profit from them.
~Sons of tribal chiefs had educational opportunities in Europe and America.
~Agriculture produced cash crops for Europeans rather than food needed by Africans.
Europeans wanted markets to sell their manufactured products.
~Europeans exploited (took advantage of), and in many cases used up, natural resources such as lumber, rubber, and minerals.
~European missionaries created schools for Africans.
European missionaries created schools for Africans.
~Europeans brought new technology like railroads, steamboats, and medicine to Africa, but Europeans benefited more from the new technology.
~Some Africans gave up their traditional ways and adopted western culture.
European nations believed that the more colonies they controlled the more powerful they would look.
~Medical care, sanitation, and nutrition improved.
~Colonial borders encouraged tribal warfare by creating artificial borders regardless of tribal or cultural boundaries.
Europeans thought that they had a duty to help "uncivilized" Africans.
~New transportation and communication improved Africa's infrastructure.
~Some colonial leaders abused their powers and mistreated Africans.
~An African colony could only trade with the power that ruled it (colonizing country)
Europeans needed natural resources for their factories.
~The population of Africa became more diverse.
~Europeans and Africans were exposed to new diseases.
Advances in medicine and technology in Europe made it possible for Europeans to survive Africa.
~Improved sanitation and medical practices increased life expectancies in Africa.
~The Europeans introduced domesticated animals and new and improved farming techniques.
European nations hoped that the colonies would bring them great economic wealth.
~European nations hoped that the colonies would bring them great economic wealth.
~Cultural diffusion occurred between Africans and Europeans.