Cerebal Palsy: brain damage to the brain before, during, or after birth. They experience motor skill difficulty, abnormal reflexes, visual and auditory problems, and learning disorders. Spina Bifida: failure of parts to the embryo to fuse completely. Normal range of IQ, perceptual and cognitive dysfunction is prevalent. Poor in reading, spelling, and math. Good verbal ability. interferes with growth and development (wheelchair). Epilepsy: Symptom of a brain disorder. Typically normal development however, they may have poor self-esteem, excessive dependency, behavioral disturbances. TBI: is traumatic brain injury. lack of speech, restricted expressive output, problems of breathe control. Difficulties with language comprehension and expression. Attention, retention, auditory and recent memory difficulties are also common. More common health disabilities are Cystic Fibrosis: transmitted through an autosomal recessive gene. Is the absence of a few chemicals. Affects the respiratory and digestive system. Diabetes Mellitus: Involves sugar metabolism and is caused by a pancreatic disorder in the production of insulin - a hormone needed to metabolize glucose. It can create excessive thirst, hunger, weight loss, fatigue, excessive urination and blurred vision. Cancer: Most common is leukaemia. Causes death. Sickle Cell: production of defective hemoglobin, which leads to distortions in blood cells - under certain conditions, the red blood cells sickle to look like half moons. Cells pile up and block small blood vessels causing pain and tissue degeneration. Paediatric AIDS: human immunodeficiency Virus which attacks and disrupts the body's immune system. Prone to infection and cancer. Death. Allergies: most common chronic disease in children. Hereditary and familial. Can cause breathing restriction, sneezing, swelling, death. Asthma: obstruction of air ways, difficulty breathing - death. Social and Emotional Development: children have a lowered self-concept, less optimistic resistant learned helplessness, emotional overlay
Learning: do not master higher level skills, lose motivation and focus. Language Development:reluctant to try new things, difficulties with articulation, immature speech patterns, mild speech irregularities, general unintelligibility, and cluttered speech.
Cognition: difficulty remembering, trouble with recall, forgetful
Attention: inability to focus, impulsive
Behavior: aggressive, less liked by peers
Motor Development: adverse social interaction
Perception: difficulty synthesizing sounds into words, analyzing word parts, and associating sounds with symbols.
physical: seen in measures of health, physical, and motor performance, and the age at which motor language milestones are attained. Cognitive: impaired or incomplete mental development, their problems are specifically a retardation in the development of intellectual and adaptive behavior. Learning and memory: task demands, observational learning, and studying for tests. Also problems generalizing and transferring skills and are less able to apply the knowledge or skills they have learned to new tasks, problems, or stimulus situations. Academic: limited intellectual ability, difficulties in working with abstract ideas, and problems in generalizing learning to new situations. Communication: children demonstrate delays in sentence length, sentence complexity, and speech-sound discrimination. Social and Emotional: less intimacy, loyalty, self-esteem, and contact in their friendships than did typical peers. Problems with interpersonal relationships, social concepts, emotional instability, and communication Success may only be fractional for children functioning at the low end of the continuum. Students require instruction in basic academic skills, particularly basic literacy and numercy. Teachers must also stress cognitive, language, and social domains. Each program will be individualized based on a student's unique set of strengths and weaknesses. For children with moderate disabilities, functional independence to ready them to meet the demands of their community environments. Less academically oriented. For students who are severely or profoundly disabled, a range of other services from professionals such as doctors, speech therapists, social workers, and psychologists. To decrease dependence on others, increase awareness of environmental stimulation, teach basic communication and self-help skills, and push achievement levels higher. Medical Intervention: This could involve surgery (for example, to
repair a physical deformity), medication (for example, medications to
assist with mood disorders), or supportive therapy such as heart
monitors, or insulin injectors.
Educational Intervention: Provides different forms of educational
settings and alternatives. This could include how the material is
delivered (online, at home, or in the classroom. Could also be
technological, or with the aid of a tutor), or the environment where
the material is received ( I.e. home schooling, residential schools,
specially designed schools)
Therapeutic: This includes all of the therapists previously
mentioned. These include: Speech, physical, occupational,
counselling, etc. Each therapist work on the area specified that the
child is having complications in.
Lastly, Social Intervention: These include social workers,
counsellors, day care workers, teachers, foster homes, etc. They
assist in the childs life to make sure they are developing normally
for their person and are being treated and cared for properly.