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Environmental Science Agencies and Important People (APES)
Terms in this set (23)
International Union for Conservation of Nature
Maintains the Red List
continuously updated list of species facing high risks of extinction
Fritz Haber and Carl Bosch
German chemists, won Nobel Prize in 1918
found method for combining nitrogen and hydrogen gases to synthesize ammonia and produce it on an industrial scale
ammonia used in explosives and fertilizers
Highest tribunal in the Nation for all cases and controversies arising under the Constitution or the laws of the United States.
Executive, Legislative, and Judicial
U.S. federal policy results from actions of these three branches of government.
OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration
Agency that administers and enforces the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970.
establishes and enforces standards that protect workers from job-related injuries and illnesses
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission
U.S. gov't agency charged with renewing licenses for dams
Rowland and Molina
Discovered CFCs discovering stratospheric ozone; Nobel Prize in chemistry in 1995 (with Paul Crutzen)
Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
Control and supervision of food safety, tobacco products, dietary supplements, medications, vaccines, electromagnetic radiation emitting devices (ERED), cosmetics, animal foods & feed and veterinary products.
under Dept of Health and Human Services
regulates food packaging; example: regulating use of BPA in baby bottles, canned foods, and other food packaging materials
U.S. Green Building Council
runs LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) certificate program
Nobel Peace Prize
Introduced new selectively-bred wheat strain to Mexico farmers to increase crop yields and therefore feed more people on the same acreage
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Established in 1970 (Nixon) to oversee U.S. water quality, air pollution, solid waste; "clean air, land, and water"
part of Executive Branch so operates in line with policies of current president
conducts and evaluates research; monitor EQ; sets & enforces pollution standards; educates the public
Bureau of Land Management (BLM)
largest landowner in the U.S. (247 million acres, 1/8th of land mass mostly located in the West)
Oversight includes grazing, mining, coal leases, recreation, timber, wildland firefighting, energy corridors, and even owns a helium reserve.
Currently described as (from website):
Supporting an all-of-the-above energy approach through environmentally responsible development; promoting conservation through shared stewardship; managing our borders effectively; promoting jobs on working landscapes; and serving the American family - which includes being good neighbors and recognizing traditional uses of public lands (i.e., hunting, fishing, and other recreational opportunities).
National Park Service (NPS)
est. 1916 to manage 14 national parks and 21 national monuments
under Department of Interior
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
Consists of hundreds of scientists and governmental leaders
Est. 1988 by UNEP; releases GCC reports every 4 years including data, trends, predictions, impacts, and effective strategies to avoid further impacts
Nobel Peace Price, 2007
US Fish & Wildlife
Est. 1940 (combined fishery and biological agencies)
Manages national wildlife refuges, protects endangered species, manages migratory birds, restores nationally significant fisheries and enforces federal wildlife laws.
Department of Energy
Agency est. in 1977 to "ensure America's security and prosperity by addressing its energy, environmental and nuclear challenges through transformative science and technology solutions".
Theodore Roosevelt (Teddy)
Created the United States Forest Service; established 150 national forests, 51 federal bird reserves, 4 national game preserves, 5 national parks, and 18 national monuments by enabling the 1906 American Antiquities Act.
Protected approximately 230 million acres of public land.
Graduated from Yale Forestry School (founded by Pinchot)
wrote Sand County Almanac
pulled from conservationist to more preservationist after shooting a wolf and by understanding basic ecological principles
Preservationist (nature deserves protection for its own sake) as well as anthropocentric (everyone deserves natural beauty).
Scottish immigrant, concerned about deforestation in Yosemite valley
established National Forest Service in 1905 and served as first chief under Theodore Roosevelt
first professionally trained U.S. forester
US Forest Service
Est. 1905 by Gifford Pinchot
Manages national forests (8% of nation's land area) for "the greatest good of the greatest number in the long run"
resource management, maximum sustainable yield, conservation of timber for human use
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
AP Environmental Science: Environmental Legislation
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