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78 terms

BHS English 2 PreAP Finals

abhorrence-aximoatic english 2 preap words and definitions
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abhorrence-noun
a feeling of extreme repugnance or aversion; utter loathing; abomination.

something or someone extremely repugnant or loathsome.
abode-noun
a place in which a person resides; residence; dwelling; habitation; home.

an extended stay in a place; sojourn.
absolve-verb
to free from guilt or blame or their consequences: The court absolved her of guilt in his death.

to set free or release, as from some duty, obligation, or responsibility (usually fol. by from): to be absolved from one's oath.
abstemious-adjective
sparing or moderate in eating and drinking; temperate in diet.

characterized by abstinence: an abstemious life.

sparing: an abstemious diet.
abstruse-adjective
hard to understand; recondite; esoteric: abstruse theories.

Obsolete. secret; hidden.
accord-verb
(used without object)

to be in agreement or harmony; agree.
accord-verb
(used with object)

to make agree or correspond; adapt.

to grant; bestow: to accord due praise.

Archaic. to settle; reconcile.
accord-noun
proper relationship or proportion; harmony.

a harmonious union of sounds, colors, etc.

consent or concurrence of opinions or wills; agreement.

an international agreement; settlement of questions outstanding among nations.
accost-verb
(used with object)

to confront boldly: The beggar accosted me for money.

to approach, esp. with a greeting, question, or remark.

(of prostitutes, procurers, etc.) to solicit for sexual purposes.
accost-noun
a greeting.
acerbic-adjective
sour or astringent in taste: Lemon juice is acerbic.

harsh or severe, as of temper or expression: acerbic criticism.
acquiesce-verb
(used without object)

to assent tacitly; submit or comply silently or without protest; agree; consent: to acquiesce halfheartedly in a business plan.
acrimonious-adjective
caustic, stinging, or bitter in nature, speech, behavior, etc.: an acrimonious answer; an acrimonious dispute.
acute-adjective
sharp or severe in effect; intense: acute sorrow; an acute pain.

extremely great or serious; crucial; critical: an acute shortage of oil.
adduce-verb
(used with object)

to bring forward in argument or as evidence; cite as pertinent or conclusive: to adduce reasons in support of a constitutional amendment.
adulation-verb
(used with object)

to show excessive admiration or devotion to; flatter or admire servilely.
adventitious-adjective
associated with something by chance rather than as an integral part; extrinsic.

Botany, Zoology. appearing in an abnormal or unusual position or place, as a root.
aesthetic-adjective
pertaining to a sense of the beautiful or to the science of aesthetics.

having a sense of the beautiful; characterized by a love of beauty.

pertaining to, involving, or concerned with pure emotion and sensation as opposed to pure intellectuality.
aesthetic-noun
philosophical theory or idea of what is aesthetically valid at a given time and place: the clean lines, bare surfaces, and sense of space that bespeak the machine-age aesthetic.

the study of the nature of sensation.
affinity-noun
a natural liking for or attraction to a person, thing, idea, etc.

a person, thing, idea, etc., for which such a natural liking or attraction is felt.
affinity-adjective
of or pertaining to persons who share the same interests: to arrange charter flights for opera lovers and other affinity groups.
affront-noun
a personally offensive act or word; deliberate act or display of disrespect; intentional slight; insult: an affront to the king.

an offense to one's dignity or self-respect.
affront-verb
(used with object)

to offend by an open manifestation of disrespect or insolence: His speech affronted all of us.

to make ashamed or confused; embarrass.

Archaic. to front; face; look on.

Obsolete. to meet or encounter face to face; confront.
agnostic-noun
a person who holds that the existence of the ultimate cause, as god, and the essential nature of things are unknown and unknowable, or that human knowledge is limited to experience.

a person who denies or doubts the possibility of ultimate knowledge in some area of study.
agnostic-adjective
of or pertaining to agnostics or agnosticism.

asserting the uncertainty of all claims to knowledge.
alacrity-noun
cheerful readiness, promptness, or willingness: We accepted the invitation with alacrity.

liveliness; briskness.
alchemy-noun
a form of chemistry and speculative philosophy practiced in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance and concerned principally with discovering methods for transmuting baser metals into gold and with finding a universal solvent and an elixir of life.

any magical power or process of transmuting a common substance, usually of little value, into a substance of great value.
alight-verb
(used without object)

to dismount from a horse, descend from a vehicle, etc.

to settle or stay after descending: The bird alighted on the tree.

to encounter or notice something accidentally.
alluvial-adjective
of or pertaining to alluvium.
alluvial-noun
alluvial soil.

Australia. gold-bearing alluvial soil.
alms-noun
(used with a singular or plural verb)

money, food, or other donations given to the poor or needy; anything given as charity: The hands of the beggars were outstretched for alms.
altercation-noun
a heated or angry dispute; noisy argument or controversy.
altruistic-adjective
unselfishly concerned for or devoted to the welfare of others (opposed to egoistic).

Animal Behavior. of or pertaining to behavior by an animal that may be to its disadvantage but that benefits others of its kind, often its close relatives.
amenable-adjective
ready or willing to answer, act, agree, or yield; open to influence, persuasion, or advice; agreeable; submissive; tractable: an amenable servant.

liable to be called to account; answerable; legally responsible: You are amenable for this debt.

capable of or agreeable to being tested, tried, analyzed, etc.
amend-verb
(used with object)

to alter, modify, rephrase, or add to or subtract from (a motion, bill, constitution, etc.) by formal procedure: Congress may amend the proposed tax bill.

to change for the better; improve: to amend one's ways.

to remove or correct faults in; rectify.
amend-verb
(used without object)

to grow or become better by reforming oneself: He amends day by day.
amiable-adjective
having or showing pleasant, good-natured personal qualities; affable: an amiable disposition.

friendly; sociable: an amiable greeting; an amiable gathering.

agreeable; willing to accept the wishes, decisions, or suggestions of another or others.

Obsolete. lovable or lovely.
amorphous-adjective
lacking definite form; having no specific shape; formless: the amorphous clouds.

of no particular kind or character; indeterminate; having no pattern or structure; unorganized: an amorphous style; an amorphous personality.
anathema-noun
a person or thing detested or loathed: That subject is anathema to him.

a person or thing accursed or consigned to damnation or destruction.

a formal ecclesiastical curse involving excommunication.

any imprecation of divine punishment.

a curse; execration.
animadversion-noun
an unfavorable or censorious comment: to make animadversions on someone's conduct.

the act of criticizing.
annals-noun
(used with a plural verb)

a record of events, esp. a yearly record, usually in chronological order.

historical records generally: the annals of war.

a periodical publication containing the formal reports of an organization or learned field.
annihilate-verb
(used with object)

to reduce to utter ruin or nonexistence; destroy utterly: The heavy bombing almost annihilated the city.

to destroy the collective existence or main body of; wipe out: to annihilate an army.

to annul; make void: to annihilate a law.

to cancel the effect of; nullify.

to defeat completely; vanquish: Our basketball team annihilated the visiting team.
anon-adverb
in a short time; soon.

at another time.

Archaic. at once; immediately.
antipathy-noun
a natural, basic, or habitual repugnance; aversion.

an instinctive contrariety or opposition in feeling.

an object of natural aversion or habitual dislike.
apostate-noun
a person who forsakes his religion, cause, party, etc.
apostate-adjective
of or characterized by apostasy.
apotheosize-verb
(used with object)

to deify; glorify.
appellation-noun
a name, title, or designation.

the act of naming.
appraise-verb
(used with object)

to estimate the monetary value of; determine the worth of; assess: We had an expert appraise the house before we bought it.

to estimate the nature, quality, importance, etc.: He tried to appraise the poetry of John Updike.
apprise-verb
(used with object)

to give notice to; inform; advise (often fol. by of): to be apprised of the death of an old friend.
apt-adjective
inclined; disposed; given; prone: too apt to slander others.

likely: Am I apt to find him at home?

unusually intelligent; able to learn quickly and easily: an apt pupil.

suited to the purpose or occasion; appropriate: an apt metaphor; a few apt remarks on world peace.

Archaic. prepared; ready; willing.
arabesque-noun
Fine Arts. a sinuous, spiraling, undulating, or serpentine line or linear motif.

a pose in ballet in which the dancer stands on one leg with one arm extended in front and the other leg and arm extended behind.

a short, fanciful musical piece, typically for piano.

any ornament or ornamental object, as a rug or mosaic, in which flowers, foliage, fruits, vases, animals, and figures are represented in a fancifully combined pattern.
arabesque-adjective
decorated with or characterized by arabesques: arabesque design.
arbiter-noun
a person empowered to decide matters at issue; judge; umpire.

a person who has the sole or absolute power of judging or determining.
arduous-adjective
requiring great exertion; laborious; difficult: an arduous undertaking.

requiring or using much energy and vigor; strenuous: making an arduous effort.

hard to climb; steep: an arduous path up the hill.

hard to endure; full of hardships; severe: an arduous winter.
art
the quality, production, expression, or realm, according to aesthetic principles, of what is beautiful, appealing, or of more than ordinary significance.

the class of objects subject to aesthetic criteria; works of art collectively, as paintings, sculptures, or drawings: a museum of art; an art collection.

a field, genre, or category of art: Dance is an art.

the fine arts collectively, often excluding architecture: art and architecture.

any field using the skills or techniques of art: advertising art; industrial art.
ascetic-noun
a person who dedicates his or her life to a pursuit of contemplative ideals and practices extreme self-denial or self-mortification for religious reasons.

a person who leads an austerely simple life, esp. one who abstains from the normal pleasures of life or denies himself or herself material satisfaction.

(in the early Christian church) a monk; hermit.
ascetic-adjective
pertaining to asceticism.

rigorously abstinent; austere: an ascetic existence.

exceedingly strict or severe in religious exercises or self-mortification.
askance-adverb
with suspicion, mistrust, or disapproval: He looked askance at my offer.

with a side glance; sidewise; obliquely.
askew-adverb
to one side; out of line; in a crooked position; awry: to wear one's hat askew; to hang a picture askew.

with disapproval, scorn, contempt, etc.; disdainfully: They looked askew at the painting.
askew-adjective
crooked; awry: Your clothes are all askew.
asperity-noun
harshness or sharpness of tone, temper, or manner; severity; acrimony: The cause of her anger did not warrant such asperity.

hardship; difficulty; rigor: the asperities of polar weather.

roughness of surface; unevenness.

something rough or harsh.
assuage-verb
(used with object)

to make milder or less severe; relieve; ease; mitigate: to assuage one's grief; to assuage one's pain.

to appease; satisfy; allay; relieve: to assuage one's hunger.

to soothe, calm, or mollify: to assuage his fears; to assuage her anger.
attrition-noun
a reduction or decrease in numbers, size, or strength: Our club has had a high rate of attrition because so many members have moved away.

a wearing down or weakening of resistance, esp. as a result of continuous pressure or harassment: The enemy surrounded the town and conducted a war of attrition.

a gradual reduction in work force without firing of personnel, as when workers resign or retire and are not replaced.

the act of rubbing against something; friction.

a wearing down or away by friction; abrasion.
audacity-noun
boldness or daring, esp. with confident or arrogant disregard for personal safety, conventional thought, or other restrictions.

effrontery or insolence; shameless boldness: His questioner's audacity shocked the lecturer.
augury-noun
the art or practice of an augur; divination.

the rite or ceremony of an augur.

an omen, token, or indication.
august-adjective
inspiring reverence or admiration; of supreme dignity or grandeur; majestic: an august performance of a religious drama.

venerable; eminent: an august personage.
auspicious-adjective
promising success; propitious; opportune; favorable: an auspicious occasion.

favored by fortune; prosperous; fortunate.
autonomous-adjective
Government.
a.
self-governing; independent; subject to its own laws only.

having autonomy; not subject to control from outside; independent: a subsidiary that functioned as an autonomous unit.
autumnal-adjective
belonging to or suggestive of autumn; produced or gathered in autumn: autumnal colors.

past maturity or middle life.
avail-verb
(used with object)

to be of use or value to; profit; advantage: All our efforts availed us little in trying to effect a change.
avail-verb
(used without object)

to be of use; have force or efficacy; serve; help: His strength did not avail against the hostile onslaught.

to be of value or profit.
avail-noun
advantage; use; efficacy; effective use in the achievement of a goal or objective: His belated help will be of little or no avail.

avails, Archaic. profits or proceeds.
aver-verb
(used with object)

to assert or affirm with confidence; declare in a positive or peremptory manner.

Law. to allege as a fact.
aversion-noun
a strong feeling of dislike, opposition, repugnance, or antipathy (usually fol. by to): a strong aversion to snakes and spiders.

a cause or object of dislike; person or thing that causes antipathy: His pet aversion is guests who are always late.

Obsolete. the act of averting; a turning away or preventing.
avid-adjective
enthusiastic; ardent; dedicated; keen: an avid moviegoer.

keenly desirous; eager; greedy (often fol. by for or of): avid for pleasure; avid of power.
avouch-verb
(used with object)

to make frank acknowledgment or affirmation of; declare or assert with positiveness.

to assume responsibility for; vouch for; guarantee.

to admit; confess.
axiomatic-adjective
pertaining to or of the nature of an axiom; self-evident; obvious.