18 terms

absolute value

The distance between a number and 0 on a number

line; |5| = 5; |-5| = 5

line; |5| = 5; |-5| = 5

additive inverse

The opposite of a number

Additive Inverse Property

The sum of an integer and its opposite is 0.

8 + (-8) = 0

8 + (-8) = 0

integers

The set of whole numbers and their opposites

...-3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3...

...-3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3...

opposites

Two numbers that are the same distance from 0,

but on opposite sides of 0

but on opposite sides of 0

Distributive Property

a (b + c) = a (b) + a (c)

Commutative Property of Addition

a + b = b + a

Commutative Property of Multiplication

a x b = b x a

Associative Property of Addition

(a + b) + c = a + (b + c)

Associative Property of Multiplication

(a x b) x c = a x (b x c)

Identity Property of Addition

a + 0 = a

Identity Property of Multiplication

a x 1 = a

Multiplicitive Property of Zero

a x 0 = 0; 0 x a = 0

equation

a mathematical sentence that contains an equal sign

evaluate

to find the value of an expression

product

the answer to a multiplication problem

quotient

the answer to a division problem

simplify

to reduce to an easier form