Greek and Roman Deities
Terms in this set (18)
(jupiter) supreme Olympian deity. Mature, bearded man often holding scepter or lightning bolt; sometimes represented as an eagle
(Juno), goddess of marriage, sister/wife of Zeus. Mature woman; cow and peacock are sacred to her.
(Vesta), goddess of hearth. Sister of Zeus. Her sacred flame burned in communal hearths.
(Neptune), god of the sea. Holds a three-pronged spear (trident).
(Pluto), god of the underworld, the dead, and wealth.
(Mars), god of war. Son of Zeus and Hera
(Vulcan), god of forge, fire and metal handcrafts. Son of Hera; husband of Aphrodite.
(Phoebus), god of the sun, light, truth, music, archery, and healing. Sometimes identified with Helios (the sun,) who rides a chariot across the daytime sky. Son of Zeus and Leto; Brother of Artemis.
(Diana), goddess of the hunt, wild animals, and the moon. Sometimes identified with Selene (the moon), who rides a chariot or oxcart across the sky. Daughter of Zeus and Leto; sister of Apollo. Carries bow and arrows and is accompanied by hunting dogs.
(Minerva) , goddess of wisdom, war, victory and the city. Also goddess of handcrafts and other artistic skills. Daughter of Zeus; sprang fully grown from his head. Wears helmet and carries shield and spear.
(Venus), goddess of love. Daughter of Zeus and the water nymph Dione; Alternatively born of sea foam' wife of Hephaistos.
(Mercury), messenger of the gods, god of fertility and luck, guide of the dead to the underworld, and god of thieves and commerce. Son of Zeus and Maia, the daughter of Atlas, a Titan who supports the sky on his shoulders. Wears winged sandals and hat; carries caduceus, a wand with two snakes entwined around it.
(Ceres), goddess of grain and agriculture. Daughter of Kronos and Rhea, sister of Zeus and Hera.
(Proserpina), goddess of fertiltiy and queen of the underworld. Wife of Hades; daughter of Demeter.
(Bacchus), god of wine, the grape harvest, and inspiration. His female followers are called Maendas.
(Cupid), god of love. In some myths, son of Aphrodite. Shown as an infant or young boy, sometimes winged, carrying bow and arrows.
(Faunus), protector of shepherds, god of the wilderness and of music. Half-man, half-goat, he carries panpipes
(Victory), goddess of victory. Often shown winged and flying.
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