6 Written questions
6 Multiple choice questions
- Repeated word, phrase, line, or group of lines. Though refrains are usually associated with poetry and songs, they are sometimes used in prose especially in speeches. Refrains create rhythm and may also build suspense or emphasize important words or ideas.
- Contrast or discrepancy between expectation and reality. In verbal irony a speaker says one thing but means the opposite. In situational irony what actually happens is the opposite of what is expected or appropriate. Dramatic irony occurs when the reader or the audience knows something important that a character does not know.
- Group of consecutive lines that form a single unit in a poem.
- Poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme. Poets writing in free verse try to capture the natural rhythms of ordinary speech. To create musical effects, they may use alliteration, assonance, internal rhyme, and onomatopoeia. They also often repeat words or grammatical structures.
- A three-line stanza
- Musical quality in language, produced by repetition. Rhythm occurs naturally in all forms of spoken and written language. Poems written in meter create rhythm by strict pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables. Writers can also create rhythm by repeating grammatical structures, by using pauses, by varying line lengths, and by balancing long and short words or phrases.
5 True/False questions
Ballad → The way an author chooses words, arranges them in sentences or in lines of dialogue or verse, and develops ideas and actions with descriptions, imagery, and other literary techniques.
Style → Repetition of accented vowel sounds and all sounds following them in words that are close together in a poem. The most common type of rhyme, end rhyme, occurs at the end of lines.
Understatement → Saying less than is true.
Closed Form → A type of structure or form in poetry characterized by freedom from regularity and consistency in such elements as rhyme, line length, metrical pattern, and overall poetic structure. (Free verse)
Syntax → The grammatical order of words in a sentence or line of verse or dialogue. Normal syntax is: subject, verb, object.