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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Realpolitik
  2. Alexander II
  3. Victor Emmanuel II
  4. North German Confederation
  5. Creoles
  1. a Latin-American born people, had an inherently stronger desire for independence could not hold office but could be officers in army
  2. b Prussia organized conquered territories, at demise of Austro-dominated German Confederation
  3. c the King of Piedmont-Sardinia; leader in unification movement of Italy
  4. d Czar of Russia; Nicholas' son; modernized/industrialized Russia; freed the serfs and worked on political liberalization and economic modernization; assassinated by radical anarchists; which halted further political liberation
  5. e Bismarck's policy; "politics of reality" opposed to politics of idealism; seeks to do what is practical and possible rather than high-in-the-sky idealism; through war, sacrifice, and industrialization as opposed to idealistic, complete revolution

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. After battle of Ayacucho, future countries of Venezuela, Colombia, and Ecuador were united into a country called Gran Colombia
  2. African and European mix
  3. after central America declared its absolute independence from Mexico, it took this name, and included; Nicaragua, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, and Costa Rica
  4. people's greatest loyalty should be to a nation of people with a common culture, religion, language, and historical experiences (nation pride) rather than to a king or an empire
  5. 1856- Czar Nicholas I threatened the Ottoman Empire for warm water port in Crimea; Russia lost against the united French, Great British, Sardinian, and Ottoman Empire forces; defeat brought change to Russia

5 True/False questions

  1. Peninsularestop of Spanish-American society: Spanish-born colonists; only ones who could hold office


  2. Alsace-Lorraineregion that France and Prussia could lay claim to, mixed region


  3. MestizosAfrican and European mix


  4. Franco-Prussian WarBismarck reasoned a war with France would rally the south; manipulates France by rewording the telegram of refusal from France to have a Prussian King to make it insulting
    -Wars of mid 1800's greatly strengthened Prussia, and by 1871, Britain and Germany were most powerful militarily and economically
    - Austria and Russia lagged far behind; France struggled somewhere in the middle


  5. Lateran Treaty (1929)Popes remained in the Vatican until this; signed between Italian government and Papacy; recognized Italy's control of former lands of Papal States including Rome and established Vatican City as independent, autonomous nation-state within Rome/Italy itself