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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Lateran Treaty (1929)
  2. Nicholas I
  3. Simón Bolivar
  4. Crimean War
  5. Kaiser
  1. a German for "emperor" King Wilhelm I of Prussia was crowned Kaiser January 18, 1871 at Versailles; signifies formal establishment of Germany as an independent; humiliating to France
  2. b Popes remained in the Vatican until this; signed between Italian government and Papacy; recognized Italy's control of former lands of Papal States including Rome and established Vatican City as independent, autonomous nation-state within Rome/Italy itself
  3. c (the Liberator) brilliant Creole general; helped to free Venezuela and Colombia; went into exile twice; Bolivar's volunteer revolutionary army suffered defeats
  4. d Czar of Russia during Crimean war; wanted Crimea for a warm water port for Russia; kept serfdom and his defeat in Crimean war brought change to Russia
  5. e 1856- Czar Nicholas I threatened the Ottoman Empire for warm water port in Crimea; Russia lost against the united French, Great British, Sardinian, and Ottoman Empire forces; defeat brought change to Russia

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Prussia organized conquered territories, at demise of Austro-dominated German Confederation
  2. after central America declared its absolute independence from Mexico, it took this name, and included; Nicaragua, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, and Costa Rica
  3. focusing on modernizing the economy as well as politics; going from old to new Europe; time of progression/innovation
  4. region that France and Prussia could lay claim to, mixed region
  5. main leader in the unification movement of Italy; made deal with Napoleon III of France to attack Austria so that Cavour could have Northern Italy; he was the George Washington of Italian unification and founded Il Risorgimento

5 True/False questions

  1. Risorgimento"Renewal, to be born" movement in Italy to recreate a strong, unified Italian nation-state


  2. Giuseppe Garibaldinationalist working in Southern Italy; worked with Cavour on unification of Italy; stepped aside and let Victor Emmanuel Ii be king; his followers were Red Shirts


  3. Realismliterature and visual arts tried to show life as it was, not as it should be; realist painting reflected the increasing political importance of the working class in the 1850's; novels also proved suitable to describe workers' suffering


  4. Victor Emmanuel IICzar of Russia; Nicholas' son; modernized/industrialized Russia; freed the serfs and worked on political liberalization and economic modernization; assassinated by radical anarchists; which halted further political liberation


  5. Austro-Prussian War/Seven Weeks' War(1864) Bismarck approached Austria about these provinces populated by Germans but controlled by Denmark; convinced Austria to join him in attacking Denmark for the two states (succeed); Schleswig-> Prussia, Holstein -> Austria