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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Confederation of the Rhine
  2. United Provinces of Central America
  3. Franco-Prussian War
  4. Ems Dispatch
  5. Peninsulares
  1. a after central America declared its absolute independence from Mexico, it took this name, and included; Nicaragua, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, and Costa Rica
  2. b the loose confederation of German states along the Rhine River organized by Napoleon Bonaparte and put in his control; East-Central Germany, Southern Germany, and Switzerland
  3. c Bismarck reasoned a war with France would rally the south; manipulates France by rewording the telegram of refusal from France to have a Prussian King to make it insulting
    -Wars of mid 1800's greatly strengthened Prussia, and by 1871, Britain and Germany were most powerful militarily and economically
    - Austria and Russia lagged far behind; France struggled somewhere in the middle
  4. d Bismarck intercepted the telegram from France politely refusing a Prussian King and manipulates it to sound insulting to the Prussians → France is angry at Bismarck, Prussia wants war with France
  5. e top of Spanish-American society: Spanish-born colonists; only ones who could hold office

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. last territory controlled by RCC; taken by nationalists in Italy; Italy vs. Papal states → Italy got Rome; pope was angry and so imposed self captivity in the Vatican
  2. German for "emperor" King Wilhelm I of Prussia was crowned Kaiser January 18, 1871 at Versailles; signifies formal establishment of Germany as an independent; humiliating to France
  3. 1866- overlap; Cavour uses it as an opportunity to ally himself with Prussia against Austria; Cavour acquires Venetia for Italy after the Austro-Prussian war in 1866
  4. term used to describe concern some had about what government leaders would do about industrial impact, such as social problems caused by industrial revolution like poverty, hunger, and pollution
  5. forcing all ethnic groups in Russia to embrace all Russian language and culture to unite and strengthen nationalist bonds; this eventually backfired because people did not want to change their religion, language etc.

5 True/False questions

  1. Otto von Bismarckchancellor/prime minister to Wilhelm I of Prussia; Junker; the father of German unification; led unification of Germany and believed in "realpolitik" he believed unification would be achieved " by blood and iron"


  2. North German Confederationmade in the Congress of Vienna; dominated by Austria (and Prussia); 39 German states that included parts of Prussia and was led mainly by Metternich until revolts of 1848 made Prussia the forerunner; much larger than Rhine, included Rhine and Prussia and Austrian Empire


  3. Nationalismpeople's greatest loyalty should be to a nation of people with a common culture, religion, language, and historical experiences (nation pride) rather than to a king or an empire


  4. Wars of German UnificationPrussia organized conquered territories, at demise of Austro-dominated German Confederation


  5. Bolivar and San Martingreat liberator Creole from Argentina; 1817: San Martin led an army across Andes to Chile and was joined by Bernardo O'Higgins, and finally freed Chile; left his forces to Bolivar to command after reaching Lima, Peru, thus uniting revolutionary forces.