89 terms

NC EOC Goal 11 Review

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Duck and Cover
Psycological approach to controlling reactions to nuclear threat; hope the nuke won't get you
24th Amendment
prohibited both Congress and the states from conditioning the right to vote in federal elections on payment of a poll tax or other types of tax
25th Amendment
deals with succession to the Presidency and establishes procedures both for filling a vacancy in the office of the Vice President, as well as responding to Presidential disabilities; limits presidents to two terms
26th Amendment
18-year-olds can now vote
Activities Committee
Anti-communist group disbanded in 1975: started in 1938
Agent Orange
the code name for an herbicide and defoliant used by the U.S. military in its herbicidal warfare program during the Vietnam War. Killed plants and cleared foliage
Alger Hiss
American lawyer, civil servant, businessman, author and lecturer. Involved in the establishment of the United Nations. Hiss was accused of being a Soviet spy in 1948 and convicted of perjury in connection with this charge in 1950.
American Indian Movement
Early in 1968, this organization was formed to address various issues concerning the Native American community including poverty, housing, treaty issues, and police harassment
Betty Friedan
A leading activist in the "Second Wave" of the U.S. Women's Movement, her 1963 book The Feminine Mystique is sometimes credited with sparking the "second wave" of feminism. Co-founded National Organization for Women in 1966.
Black Panthers
a radical black movement: the members believed that blacks shouldn't participate in a war for whites when they are discriminated against
Black Power Movement
Political slogan and name for various associated ideologies. Used in the movement among people of Black African descent throughout the world, though primarily by African Americans in the United States. Most prominent in the late 1960s and early 1970s, the movement emphasized racial pride and the creation of black political and cultural institutions to nurture black interests
Bob Woodward & Carl Bernstein
Convicted Nixion in Supreme court case U.S. v. Nixon
British Invasion
Rock 'n' Roll coming to the United States, with bands such as The Beatles, The Rolling Stones, and The Who
Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeaka, Kansas
Separate is no longer equal (overturning Plessy v. Ferguson)
C.O.R.E.
U.S. civil rights organization that played a pivotal role for African-Americans in the Civil Rights Movement.
Calculators
Signified the advancement of microchips, making math easier
Cambodia/Laos
Countries surrounding Vietnam, bombed during the war and as a result banned U.S. troops from the area
Cesar Chaves
Founding member of the Head Start Program, providing assistance to low-income families
Civil Rights Acts of 1964
Outlawed racial discrimination in public facilities and unemployement
Clean Air Act
One of a number of pieces of legislation relating to the reduction of smog and air pollution in general.
Clean Water Act
encouraged oil companies to be more environmentally responsible by requiring them to pay for damage to the environment
Computers
Major advancements in silicon microchip technology, making it much easier to transfer information and technology
Democratic National Convention (1968)
Media plays pivotal role after police attack rioters in Chicago
Detente
The easing of strained relations
Earl Warren
Chief Justice who was for criminal rights and was very liberal
Equal Rights Amendment
proposed amendment that would have outlawed sex-based discrimination
Fall of Saigon
The surrender of South Vietnamese forces and withdrawal of American troops; end of Vietnam War and a disaster for both sides
Fallout Shelters
small structures, usually underground, equipped with water, food, and supplies; places to go for safety in case of a nuclear attack
General William Westmoreland
Main archetect of Vietnam Strategy under Pres. Johnson
George Wallace
Segregationist, white superiorist candidate from Alabama with a large following of white men
Gloria Steinem
Fought for women's rights during 60's and early 70's
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
Congress signed away right to declare war to President Johnson after U.S. Navy was attacked in Vietnam
Head Start Program
preschool education programs for low income families
Haight-Ashbury
The beginnings of the Hippie movement; named for a region of San Francisco
Ho Chi Minh
Vietnam communist who led independence struggle against France and commanded North Vietnamese forces
Hollywood Blacklist
Individuals who were prevented from working in the film industry because of their suspected involvement with Communist interests.
House on Un-American Activities Committee
Investigated charges of fascism and began to suspect Communist actions
Housing and Urban Development
Helped low-income families to afford housing; created low-rent housing in poor areas
Inter-Continental Ballistic Missiles
Nuclear weapons which could be fired between continents and hit targets across oceans
James Meredith
First African American to attend the University of Mississippi, signifying a great change in segregationist policies
John Dean
Testified against Nixon as well as other cabinet members in the Watergate hearings. Helped lead to the removal of several White House officials and the resignation of Nixon
John Glenn
First American to orbit the earth
Julius and Ethel Rosenburg
Scientists accused of and executed for passing nuclear secrets to Soviets
Kent State
Location of protests against Vietnam War in Ohio; resulted in National Guard killing civilians
Little Rock Nine
9 black students enrolled in a previously all-white school; National Guard was called in to prevent violence
Macolm X
A leader of the black power movement
March on Washington
a peaceful civil rights demonstration involving 250,000 people; Martin Luther King, Jr. gave his 'I Have a Dream" speech
Martin Luther King, Jr
Civil rights leader who believed in nonviolent resistance
McCarthyism
The guilt by association which signified fears of the Cold War coming to life
Medicare
provides health insurance for all Americans age 65 and older
Microwave Technology
Advancement in technology; harnessing the power of smaller rays to cook food more quickly
Motgomery Bus Boycott
civil rights movement in reaction to segregated buses
My Lai Incident
Village in South Vietnam where more than 200 unarmed civilians, including women and children, were massacred by US troops in May 1968.
Naplam
gasoline mixture that sticks to its target when it burns, used extensively in Vietnam
NASA
National Aeronotics and Space Administration
National Defence
Administration in charge of defending homeland against attack and propaganda
National Endowment for the Humanities
Provides federal grants to artists, writers, musicians, and scholars
National Organization for Women
lobbied for social and economic equailty for women, which is the goal of mainstream feminism
National Securities Act
Created by CIA: allowed president to take quick action without waiting for congressional or public approval.
Neil Armstrong
First man on the moon: "One small step for man, one giant leap for mankind."
New York Times v. U.S.
Nixon Administration tried to prevent newspaper from publishing the Pentagon Papers but was overrulled by free press (First Amendment)
Nuclear Power
a new type of war and energy
Operation Rolling Thunder
President Johnson's idea to put down the Vietnam revolution by an air attack that failed
Paris Peace Accords
Treaty which established the following: Both sides would lay down arms, US would withdraw all troops, US would help with reconstruction, and POWs would be released
Peace Corps
Group of young Americans who travelled the world while promoting peace and good will
Pentagon Papers
Papers from the White House that exposed lies from the U.S. gov't
Radio in the 1950's
Signified huge technological advances as communication was now much easier
Robert McNamara
US Secretary of Defense during the battles in Vietnam. Architect for the Vietnam war and promptly resigned after the US lost badly
Roe v. Wade
A decision that the government can't interfere with abortion with a woman who is less than three months pregnant
Rosa Parks
refused to give up her seat tp a white man in Montgomery, Alambama, sparking Montgomery bus boycotts
Strategic Arms Limiting Talks I and II
Limitation Treaties: Prevented the further development of Nuclear Weapons
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
coordinated nonviolent protests: composed of radical collegiate students
Sam Ervin
Senate chairman who was a strong opponent of desegregation
Selective Service System
An independent federal agency that administers compulsory military service via draft
Silicon Valley
Area just outside San Francisco sparking the computer revolution
Space Programs
Developed by Kennedy in New Frontier policy to beat Soviets to the moon
Sputnik
First spaceship to orbit earth (Soviet)
Stokely Carmichael
Head of the SNCC
Students for a Democratic Society
Anti-war college group
Tet Offensive
Viet Cong's offensive that told the U.S. that they would not give up
The Feminine Mystique
book about women's civil rights by Betty Frieden
The National Highway Act
Interstate highway system proposed by Eisenhower
Thurgood Marshall
First African-American member of the Supreme Court
United States v. Nixon
court case involving break-in at the Watergate Hotel
Viet Cong
people who didn't like the Vietnam leader, Ngo Dinh Diem and who formed the National Liberation Front
VISTA
Program formed to help low-income families afford meals and housing
Voting Rights Act of 1965
Abolished literacy tests for voters and authorized a system of federal examiners to register black voters
War Powers Act of 1973
Declared the president could only commit US troops to a foreign war for 60 days before seeking congressional approval
Watergate Committee
Investgated the breakins of the Watergate Hotel. Presented by Woodward and Bernstein
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