BJU American Republic Chapter 6
Terms in this set (54)
The Second Continental Congress
Meeting held in 1775 in Philadelphia where the colonial leaders sent the Olive Branch Petition to the king and prepared for war
Leader of the Green Mountain boys who captured Fort Ticonderoga
Benedict Arnold and Ethan Allen
took Fort Ticonderoga from the British
Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold planned a successful attack on this fort
English General who commanded the English forces at Bunker Hill
hired foreign soldiers
Revolutionary leader who wrote the pamphlet Common Sense (1776) arguing for American independence from Britain.
a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that helped to convince the colonists that America should separate from Britain
Colonists who were loyal to Britain
primary author of the Declaration of Independence
Declaration of Independence
approved on July 4, 1776
George Washington and Continental Army surprised and defeated the Hessians here on Christmas night 1776.
Only briefly fought @ Yorktown before he surrendered to Gen. Washington
the British general who lost at the battle of Saratoga
a Patriot schoolteacher who was hanged as a spy by the British while trying to get information to George Washington about what the British were doing in New York.
Battle which was the "turning point" in the Revolutionary War
Place where Washington's army spent their most uncomfortable winter
patriot army quartermaster who replaced General Gates as leader in the South
George Rogers Clark
captured frontier outposts to give America claim to western regions.
armed merchant ships
John Paul Jones
American naval commander said "I have not yet begun to fight."
southern frontiersmen, angered by British demands to lay down their arms, fought back and won a battle here
All of these fought with the British against the Patriots
Marquis de Lafayette
French volunteer soldier who fought with the Americans at Yorktown
Cornwallis surrendered to Washington here after fighting only a short time
Treaty of Paris
signed in 1783, officially ended the War for Independence
German mercenaries hired by George III to fight against the American patriots
July 4, 1776
the date the Declaration of Independence was approved.
another name for Loyalists
those who wanted independence
Baron Von Stueben
trained the colonial army while it was quartered for the winter.
Land between the Appalachians and the Mississippi River
Land the U.S. received after the War for Independence
The Americans expected that the Canadians would join in the effort for independence.
the men who were negotiators for the treaty that ended the War for Independence
The year that the War for Independence officially ended.
After the signing of the Declaration of Independence_______
the overwhelming majority of Americans did NOT support independence.
Victories in these 2 places gave new hope to the Americans' cause
Americans were ________ to provided the needed supplies and financial support for the colonial army.
Won the Battle of Bunker Hill
colonial leader who helped at Ticonderoga BUT later became a TRAITOR
Brought cannons and ammunition from Fort Ticonderoga
How the Patriots freed Boston from the British
The Patriots' invasion of Canada to capture Quebec....
Olive Branch Petition
most clearly demonstrated that the colonies wanted to restore a friendly relationship with Britain before an all-out war developed
Patriot Victory at SARATOGA
forced the British to move their focus to the South
won official French support for the Patriot cause
King George III agreed to give the Americans their freedom after the victory at
William Howe planned to capture the American capital, which was located in
Treaty of Paris
The British promised to withdraw all troops from American territory in the treaty of
Americans who remained loyal to Great Britain were called Loyalists or
"I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country."
Battle of Bunker Hill
Patriots had taken possession of Bunker Hill.
Thousands of British soldiers assaulted the Patriot
The Patriots ran out of ammunition.
ESSAY = Describe the various attitudes of Americans toward the fight for independence and note the reasons for their attitudes.
pp.92-93 & your notes