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Terms in this set (91)
What are the three structural classification of joints?
fibrous, cartilaginous, and synovial
What are the three functional classifications of joints?
synarthrotic, amphiathrotic, and diarthrotic
What type of joints are held together with dense connective tissue containing many collagen fibers; found in bones in close contact?
What are the three types of fibrous joints?
syndesmosis, suture, and gomphosis
What are bones of fibrous joints are bound by a sheet or bundle of dense connective tissue?
What fibrous joint is amphiarthrotic (flexible)?
Where is an example of syndesmosis joints?
in between the tibia and fibula
What type of fibrous joint are between the flat bones of the skull that consist of a thin layer of connective tissues?
What type of fibrous joints are cone-shaped bony processes in a socket in jawbone?
What two fibrous joints are synarthrotic? (immovable)
suture and gomphosis
What are the two types of cartilaginous joints?
What are joints connected by hyaline cartilage or fibrocartilage?
What type of cartilaginous joints are bands of hyaline cartilage that unites bones?
Where is an example of a synchondrosis joint?
between manubrium and the first rib
What is the functional classification of synchondrosis joints?
What type of cartilaginous joints are a pad of fibrocartilage between bones?
Where is an example of symphysis?
pubic symphysis and between vertebrae
Most joints are ______________.
All synovial joints are functionally classified as _____________.
What are the 6 types os synovial joints?
ball and socket, condylar, plane, hinge, pivot,and saddle
Ball and socket joints are also called _____________.
Condylar joints are also called __________.
Pivot joints are also called _________.
Saddle joints are also called __________.
What is the only synovial joint with multi axial movement, and an example of where at in the body?
ball and socket joint, hip and shoulder
What are the two biaxial synovial joints and an example of each where found in the body?
condylar-between metacarpals and phalanges
saddle- carpal and metacarpal of thumb
What is the only non axial synovial joint, and an example of where in the body?
plane- wrist and ankle
What are the two synovial joints that are uniaxial, and an example of where they are in the body?
pivot-atlas and dens of axis
What is the fixed end of a skeletal muscle?
What is the movable end of a skeletal muscle?
What type of joint has a round head in a cup-shaped cavity; it also has the widest range in motion?
ball and socket joint
What type of joint is almost flat, or slightly curved; it has a back and fourth twisting?
What type of joints convex surface fits into an concave surface of another bone?
What type of joints cylindrical surface rotates within the ring of another bone; rotation only?
What type of joint is where both bones have concave and convex surfaces?
What type of joint has an oval condyle that fits into an elliptical cavity; has a back and fourth and side to side movement?
What are the four large, complex synovial joints?
shoulder, elbow, hip, knee
What types of large synovial joints are ball-and-socket?
shoulder and hip
What type of movement does a shoulder joint have?
rotation and circumducution
What does the glenoid labrum do?
extend the gleaned cavity
What are the major ligaments of the shoulder?
coracohumeral ligaments, glenohumeral ligaments, transverse humeral ligament
What 2 articulations does the elbow joint contain?
hinge joint and plane joint
What do the ligaments in the shoulder do?
What type of motion does the hinge joint in the elbow have?
flexion and extension only
Wat type of motion does the plane joint in the elbow have?
pronation and supination
Where is the plane joint at in the elbow?
between the capitulum of humerus and fovea head of radius
What are the major ligaments of the elbow?
radial collateral ligament, ulnar collateral ligament, anular ligament
Where is the ball and socket of the hip joint?
head of femur and the acetabulum of hip bone
What has more movement the shoulder or hip?
What is the acetabular labrum?
heavy joint capsule
What are the major ligaments of the hip joint?
Iliofemoral ligament, pubofemoral ligament, and ischiofemoral ligament
What is the strongest ligament in the body?
What is the most largest and complex joint?
What are the 3 bones of the knee?
femur, tibia, and patella
What is the knee cushioned by?
bursae and fat pads
What separates the femur and tibia?
What type of joints are in the knee?
hinge joint and plane joint
What type of movement does the knee have?
flexion and extension; some rotation only when knee is flexed
What is the tearing of connective tissue in a joint without bone dislocation?
What is inflammation of a bursa, form overuse or stress?
What is inflammation, swelling, and pain in a joint?
What is the most common type of arthritis that occurs with aging?
What type of arthritis is caused by lyme disease?
What type of arthritis is an autoimmune disease?
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