That we are not our own but belong, body and soul, both in life and death, to God and to our Savior Jesus Christ. (Romans 14:8)
1. What is our only hope in life and death?
For if we live, we live to the Lord, and if we die, we die to the Lord. So then, whether we live or whether we die, we are the Lord's.
God is the creator of everyone and everything. (Hebrews 11:3)
2. What is God?
By faith we understand that the universe was created by the word of God, so that what is seen was not made out of things that are visible.
There are three persons in one God: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. (II Corinthians 13:14)
3. How many persons are there in God?
The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ and the love of God and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all.
II Corinthians 13:14
God created us male and female in his own image to glorify him. (Genesis 1:27)
4. How and why did God create us?
So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them.
By enjoying him, loving him, trusting him, and by obeying his commands and law. (Matthew 5:16)
5. How can we glorify God?
In the same way, let your light shine before others, so that they may see your good works and give glory to your Father who is in heaven.
That we love God with all our heart, soul, mind, and strength; and love our neighbor as ourselves. (Matthew 22:37-40)
6. What does the law of God require?
And he said to him, "You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind. This is the great and first commandment. And a second is like it: You shall love your neighbor as yourself. On these two commandments depend all the Law and the Prophets."
Since the fall, no mere human has been able to keep the law of God perfectly. (Romans 3:10-12)
7. Can anyone keep the law of God perfectly?
as it is written: "None is righteous, no, not one; no one understands; no one seeks for God. All have turned aside; together they have become worthless; no one does good, not even one."
No, but because of the disobedience of Adam and Eve, we are all born in sin and guilt, unable to keep God's law. (Romans 5:12)
8. Did God create us unable to keep his law?
Therefore, just as sin came into the world through one man, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men because all sinned—
That we may know the holy nature of God, and the sinful nature of our hearts; and thus our need of a Savior. (Romans 3:20)
9. Since no one can keep the law, what is its purpose?
For by works of the law no human being will be justified in his sight, since through the law comes knowledge of sin.
Sin is rejecting or ignoring God in the world he created, rebelling against him by living without reference to him, not being or doing what he requires in his law -- resulting in our death and the disintegration of all creation. (I John 3:4)
10. What is sin?
Everyone who makes a practice of sinning also practices lawlessness; sin is lawlessness.
I John 3:4
Idolatry is trusting in created things rather than the Creator. (Romans 1:25)
11. What is idolatry?
because they exchanged the truth about God for a lie and worshiped and served the creature rather than the Creator, who is blessed forever! Amen.
No, God is righteously angry with our sins and will punish them both in this life, and in the life to come. (Ephesians 5:6)
12. Will God allow our disobedience and idolatry to go unpunished?
Let no one deceive you with empty words, for because of these things the wrath of God comes upon the sons of disobedience.
Yes, God reconciles us to himself by a Redeemer. (II Corinthians 5:19)
13. Is there any way to escape punishment and be brought back into God's favor?
that is, in Christ God was reconciling the world to himself, not counting their trespasses against them, and entrusting to us the message of reconciliation.
II Corinthians 5:19
The only Redeemer is the Lord Jesus Christ. (I Timothy 2:5)
14. Who is the Redeemer?
For there is one God, and there is one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus,
I Timothy 2:5
One who is truly human and also truly God. (Isaiah 9:6)
15. What sort of Redeemer is needed to bring us back to God?
For to us a child is born, to us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder, and his name shall be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.
That he might on our behalf perfectly obey the whole law and suffer the punishment for sin. (Hebrews 2:17)
16. Why must the Redeemer be truly human?
He had to be made like his brothers in every respect, . . . to make propitiation for the sins of the people.
That he would be able to bear the righteous anger of God against sin and yet overcome death. (Acts 2:24)
17. Why must the Redeemer be truly God?
God raised him up, loosing the pangs of death, because it was not possible for him to be held by it.
Christ died willingly in our place to deliver us from the power and penalty of sin and bring us back to God. (Colossians 1:21-22)
18. Why was it necessary for Christ, the Redeemer, to die?
And you, who once were . . . hostile in mind, doing evil deeds, he has now reconciled . . . by his death, in order to present you holy and blameless and above reproach before him,
Yes, because Christ's death fully paid the penalty for our sin, God will remember our sins no more. (II Corinthians 5:21)
19. Does Christ's death mean all our sins can be forgiven?
For our sake he made him to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God.
II Corinthians 5:21
They will be cast out from the favorable presence of God, into hell, to be justly punished, forever. (John 3:36)
20. What happens after death to those not united to Christ by faith?
Whoever does not obey the Son shall not see life, but the wrath of God remains on him.
Only by faith in Jesus Christ and in his substitutionary atoning death on the cross. (Ephesians 2:8-9)
21. How can we be saved?
For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, not a result of works, so that no one may boast.
Trusting in him alone for salvation. (John 1:12)
22. What is faith in Jesus Christ?
But to all who did receive him, who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God,
Justification means our declared righteousness before God. Sanctification means our gradual, growing righteousness. (Philippians 3:9)
23. What do justification and sanctification mean?
Not having a righteousness of my own that comes from the law, but that which comes through faith in Christ,
No, everything necessary to salvation is found in Christ. (Galatians 2:16)
24. Should those who have faith in Christ seek their salvation through their own works, or anywhere else?
We know that a person is not justified by works of the law but through faith in Jesus Christ,
Yes, so that our lives may show love and gratitude to God. (Romans 12:1)
25. Since we are redeemed by grace alone, through Christ alone, must we still do good works and obey God's Word?
I appeal to you therefore, brothers, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and acceptable to God, which is your spiritual worship.
The Holy Spirit convicts us of our sin, and he enables us to pray and to understand God's Word. (John 16:8)
26. How does the Holy Spirit help us?
He will convict the world concerning sin and righteousness and judgment:
Christ rose bodily from the grave on the third day after his death and is seated at the right hand of the Father. (I Corinthians 15:4)
27. Where is Christ now?
He was raised on the third day in accordance with the Scriptures,
I Corinthians 15:4
Christ triumphed over sin and death so that all who trust in him are raised to new life in this world and to everlasting life in the world to come. (I Thessalonian 4:14)
28. What does Christ's resurrection mean for us?
Since we believe that Jesus died and rose again, . . . God will bring with him those who have fallen asleep.
I Thessalonians 4:14
Christ is now advocating for us in the presence of his Father. (Romans 8:34)
29. Of what advantage to us is Christ's ascension?
Christ Jesus is the one . . . who is at the right hand of God, . . . interceding for us.
That we will live with and enjoy God forever in the new heaven and the new earth. (Revelation 21:3)
30. What hope does everlasting life hold for us?
The dwelling place of God is with man. He will dwell with them, and they will be his people.