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19 terms

Endocrine System-Hormone Functions

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ACTH
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone - Stimulates secretion of hormones by the adrenal cortex
OT
Ocytocin- Stimulates uterine contractions and milk ejection during suckling
ADH
Antidiuretic Hormone- Decreases water loss by increasing reabsorption of water into blood and decreasing urine production
Androgens
Increases sex drive in females
Thyroxine T4
Increases metabolism and BMR
Triiodothyronine T3
Increases metabolism and BMR
LH
Luteinizing hormone- Triggers ovulation and stimulates secretion of estrogen and progesterone
PTH
Parathyroid Hormone- Increases blood calcium levels by stimulating osteoclast activity
Epinephrine
Promotes fight-or-flight response
Norepinephrine
NE Promotes fight-or-flight response
PRL
Prolactin - Stimulates production and secretion of milk
Cortisol
Increases resistance to stress, increases blood glucose levels, and decreases inflammation
Melatonin
Helps to set the biological clock
MSH
Melanocyte-stimulation hormone - Darkens skin pigmentation
hGH
human Growth Hormone- Stimulates secretion of hormones that stimulate body growth and metabolism
Calcitonin
Decreases blood calcium levels by inhibiting osteoclasts
Thymosin
Promotes the maturation of T cells for the immune respose
FSH
Follicule- stimulating hormone - stimulates oocyte production and estrogen secretion
Insulin
Decreases blood glucose levels by transporting glucose into body cells- found in pancreas