Articles of Confederation and Constitution
Terms in this set (42)
Anti-tax and economic protest by farmers in Massachusetts, highlighted failure of national government to manage affairs of the nation.
Father of the Constitution-proposed Virginia Plan, kept detailed notes of the convention.
President of Constitutional Convention--most trusted name in America
Compromise made by the Constitutional Convention in which state would have equal representation in one house of the legislature and representation based on population in the other house.
Compromise that allowed states to count slaves as 3/5ths of a person for population and tax purposes.
Division of power between national and state governments
law creating branch, made up of the Senate and the House of Representatives.
National court system that allows courts to interpret the meaning of the constitution.
Branch of government that enforces laws
checks and balances
Power given to separate branches of government to keep any one from getting too much power.
A groups selected to elect the president, in which each state's number of electors is equal to the number of its senators and representatives in Congress.
Those who supported the Constitution and urged states to ratify.
Someone who did not support the Constitution, felt that the Constitution created too strong of a central government and did not protect individual rights.
Articles of Confederation
First government of the United States. Created very weak national government that consisted of a legislature only, did not have the power to tax.
Federalism--how the states will relate to one another and the national government.
Amendments-how the Constitution will be changed in the future.
Supremacy Clause-the Constitution is the supreme law of the land and the national government is supreme over state governments.
Ratification--How the constitution will either be approved or not approved by the states, 9 of the 13 states must approve for the Constitution to take effect.
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the Constitution, added after ratification to please the anti federalist who felt that the original constitution did not do enough to protect individual rights.
Thomas Jefferson, Patrick Henry
Alexander Hamilton, James Madison
News paper articles written by Hamilton, Madison and Jay that reasoned why the Constitution was a good thing and why it was the best plan for government.
Plan for government written by Madison that would create a legislature dominated by largely populated states.
New Jersey Plan
Small state response to Virginia Plan, would have created a government similar to Articles of Confederation where all states have equal vote in the legislature, regardless of size of population.
Constitution outlaws the national government from taxing exports.
slave trade compromise
Congress could not regulate or outlaw slavery or slave trade until 1808, added to the constitution to appease the South
Why the Anti-Federalist opposed the Constitution
feared that a constitution that established such a strong national government. Believed the states' power and the people's freedom would be in danger. Wanted a Bill or rights to protect individual liberties.
States would each get _________ vote according to the Articles of Confederation.
Under the AOC, there was only the ______________ branch of government.
weak central government, Congress did not have power to tax, no president, no national court system, no national money
These were some weaknesses with the AOC (5)
Under the Articles of Confederation the ____________ had the power in government.
The Constitution was written to solve ____________________________.
the problems from the AOC
The AOC and Constitution both established a _____________________ ________________________.
Under the Constitution, the ____________ the power in government.
states and federal government shared
The Constitution created _______ branches of government.
Representation is based on population in the ______________
House of Representatives
Representation is equal for each state in the ____________.
The Three Fifths Compromise said that ________ would count as 3/5 of a person for _____________ and _______________
slaves; representation; taxation
_______________ played a leadership role in the Constitutional Convention and was the main writer of the Constitution.