Pro- Slavery, Debated against for Presidency, called Lincoln an Abolitionist, Favored Popular Sovereignty in hope of Slavery spreading across Western U.S.
A free black abolitionist originally from North Carolina who writes the Freedom Journal
American Colonization Society
Return free African Americans to Africa. Liberia becomes place of freed men
Split America into Slave States and Freed States. Missouri Becomes Slave State, Maine Admitted as Freed State
During Missouri Compromise: Tallmadge, an opponent of slavery, sought to impose conditions on Missouri that would extinguish slavery within a generation
promises four things: National Bank, Lower Tariff Rates, Get Oregon Territory for British, Get SW from Mexico, Achieves all four things.
Compromise of 1850
Since Cali breaks Mo. Compromise, a compromise must be met... never worked but all five separate legislations passed, averted civil war.
Kansas- Nebraska Act
created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska, opened new lands, repealed the Missouri Compromise of 1820, and allowed settlers in those territories to determine if they would allow slavery within their boundaries.
Potawatomic Creek Massacre
John Brown, believes slavery is awful. Retaliates on pro-slavery supporters
Sumner Brooks Incident
North (Sumner) criticizes south, South (Brooks) retaliates and beats him with his cane.
Dred Scott v. Sanford
Full faith & Credit Clause makes it possible to own slaves in North if your owner moves there.
Kansas deemed as a slave state with popular vote discussing the possibility of more slaves in Western Territories.
Wartime President, Shot by James Wilkes Booth. Singular focus was to salvage the Union. Intended on abolishing slavery over time. Witty and logical- great speaker.
Election of 1860
Northerners Like Lincoln, Moderate, Southerners hate Lincoln favoring Douglas because of Lincoln's actions in Freeport Doctrine... Lincoln Wins, South Seceding.
First Ordinances of Secession
7 States Secede from the Union to create the Confederate States of America. Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, South Carolina
n, South Carolina. Union is supposed to leave all Confederate state offices. Abe Lincoln thinks Sumter is important enough to stand ground. Creates a barricade around the Charleston bay. Ready to attack if Southerners initiate war. Starts War...
Reaction to Fort Sumter. Creates Barricade around Southeast and up the Mississippi. Naval Blockade prohibits trade out of the south.
Suspension of Habeas Corpus
Didn't want Northerners acting up about Union, no need to explain why being arrested
Bull Run I
Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson was the confederate leader who stood his ground for the Confederacy. Reinforcements for Confederacy came and the Great Skedaddle took place- unorganized retreat of Union soldiers and families.
Limit War v. Total War
Limited War: Efficiently Fighting with strict rules to maintain info-structure. Total War: Destroy everything.
Union General who takes over and makes troops a fighting force. Saves army from falling apart. Newspapers called him "Young Napoleon".
Bloodiest Day in American History- Lee goes into Maryland to make it Confederate State, drops battle plans and McClellan picks it up. McClellan doesn't take advantage.
States all states in rebellion are free. (Not border states) beginning of African American troops being recruited.