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English 9 Bessias Vocabulary- Exam Review

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ordained
ordered by superior or holy authority
verges
edges
ambrosial
relating to the food of the gods
divining
divination
rapine
forcible seizure of another's property
mantle
loose sleeveless coat worn over regular clothing AKA a cloak
primal
first time, original
clarion
(n) ancient trumpet with a shrill, clear tone; (adj) clear and shrill
carousing
wild, joyful usually drunken behavior
indignation
anger aroused by something offensive or unjust
shroud
garment used to clothe a dead body
omens
signs suggesting future events
vexing
frustrating, annoying
amphorai
large, ancient style jugs for holding liquids
pondered
thought deeply, considered
pillaging
raiding, destroy
engendering
bringing into existence
boatswain
officer on a ship in charge of deck crew
cur
dog or inferior undesirable breeding, mutt
fain
want, prefer
allay
relieve or lessen a bad feeling
abysm
bottomless pit., abyss
perfidious
profoundly untrustworthy, treacherous
sans
without
inveterate
firmly established by long persistence, habitual
homage
formally acknowledge superiority or respect
ignoble
unfit for a noble, undiginfied, crude cowardly
tribute
something said or done to show respect or a required payment to a ruler
extirpate
root out, destroy completely
ensue
follow, result in
prescience
intuition
auspicious
foretelling something good in the future
twixt
between
malignant
causing illness or bad feeling
usurp
seize without moral or legal basis
fen
low, marshy land
wherefore
why
nonpareil
without rival or equal
perdition
utter ruin or damnation--> HELL
ratify
confirm or approve formally
oracle
a person who gives advice or makes prophecies about the future
nymph
a mythological, semidivine, female spirit associated with beauty and grace in rivers, woods etc
nuptial
wedding
bereft
deprived
archetype
a theme/problem in society portrayed in a novel/book. example: coming of age
enjambment
the continuation of a syntactic unit from one line of verse into the next line without a pause
end-stop
a grammatical pause at the end of a line of a verse of poetry
paraphrase
to line by line rewrite something, like poetry, in one's own words showing understanding, rewording for the purpose of clarification
iambic pentameter
a common meter in poetry consisting of an unrhymed line with five feet or accents, each foot containing an unaccented syllable and an accented syllable
epithet
a defamatory or abusive word or phrase
prose
the ordinary form of spoken or written language, without metrical structure
irony
the use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its literal meaning
satire
the use of irony, sarcasm, ridicule, or the like, in exposing, denouncing, or deriding vice, folly, etc.
motif
reoccuring theme or object/topic
theme
a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in a literary or artistic work
epic simile
a long, drawn out simile found in epics like the Odyssey ,something that compares multiple things to each other
narrative
consisting of or characterized by the telling of a story
invocation
the act of appealing for help, an incantation used in conjuring or summoning a spirit or deity
soliloquy
a (usually long) dramatic speech intended to give the illusion of unspoken reflections
phobia
fear, dislike, aversion
phil(o)
loving, found of
mis
hate
dys
bad, ill, difficult
eu
good, well, advantages
macro
large, long
micro
small, minute
A(n)
not/ without
mono (mon)
one, single, alone
poly
many
logy
science, study, account
bio
life
tomy (tom)
cutting, operation of incision
pod
foot
homo
one and the same, like
hetero
different
philanthropy
love of humanity, especially as shown in dnotations to charity and socially useful causes
misanthropic
hating mankind in general
dyspepsia
difficult digestion, ill humor
xenophobia
aversion to strangers
eugenics
science dealing with improving hereditary qualities (bad connotation, used in Nazi Germany)
euthanasia
controversial practice of mercifully putting to death a person suffering from an incurable desiese
microcosm
a little world; a world in miniature
amorphous
without definite form, shapeless, unorganized
anaesthesia
loss of feeling or sensation resulting from drugs
atrophy
lack of growth from sickness
monochromatic
of one color
polytheism
belief that there are many gods
polygamy
marriage to several people at one time
psychology
science of the mind
geology
science dealing with earth's history as recorded in rocks
symbiosis
living together in mutually helpful association of two dissimilar organisms
ecology
science dealing with the relation of living things to their enviornment and to each other
atomizer
device for converting a liquid into a fine spray
androgynous
having both male and female characteristics
dichotomy
a division into two parts
misogyny
hatred of women
telepathy
apparent communication from one mind to another without using sensory perceptions