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Arts and Humanities
World War Final Exam
Terms in this set (61)
"Lighting war", typed of fast-moving warfare used by German forces against Poland n 1939
German military leader; devised blitzkrieg tactics by synthesizing different military ideas of the time
Invasion of Poland
Hitler invaded Poland Sept. 1,1939. After signing the non-aggression pact made with the Soviet Union. HItler surprised attacked Poland and the Russians attacked the West side of Poland.
Russian and German non aggression agreement, not to attack each other, also, divide up Poland. Also ending the possibity of a two-front war for the Germans.
was a phase in early World War II marked by few military operations in Continental Europe, in the months following the German invasion of Poland and preceding the Battle of France. Although the great powers of Europe had declared war on one another, neither side had yet committed to launching a significant attack, and there was relatively little fighting on the ground
Finns resisted Russian demands on border territory and military access, so Russians attacked in November of 1939. The west sympathized with the Finns and the Soviets were expelled from the League of Nations. The Finns ended up yielding territory, but kept their independence.
Invasion of Norway
Germany invaded these countries because they were on the Baltic Sea and of strategic importance. Hitler could use them as a base of naval operations. Also used to protect iron-ore shipments from Sweden.
Invasion of the Low Countries and France
German assault to capture France, ended Phony War, Ger. breaks through Maginot Line and outflanks French, forcing the retreat and evacuation at Dunkirk
a fortification built before World War II to protect France's eastern border
Maurice Gamelin (French Commander in Chief) - move army into Belgium once Ger. attacks; predicts they will attack from the Ardennes
Mers al Kebir
After Germany captured France, a French Navy was in this town, about to be taken over by Germany, until Britain attacked the fleet to prevent it from being taken over
port in France from which 300,000 Allied troops were evacuated when their retreat by land was cut off by the German advance in 1940
this was essentially "free france" but it was just a puppet state/government set up by hitler
Battle of Britain
an aerial battle fought in World War II in 1940 between the German Luftwaffe (air force), which carried out extensive bombing in Britain, and the British Royal Air Force, which offered successful resistance. Eventually they drove the Germans out but had major casualties.
originally used in the Battle of Britain
Operation Sea Lion
the name given by Hitler for the planned invasion of Great Britain in 1940. Never carried out due to the loss at the Battle of Great Britain.
Sustained bombing of Britain by Nazi Germany between 1940 and 1941
Hitler's expansionist theory based on a drive to acquire "living space" for the German people
Pact between Japan, Germany, and Italy signed in September 1940, by which each pledged to declare war on any nation that attacked any of them
Hitler assists Italy in Greece - push British out; delays invasion of Russia 5 weeks
Codename for Nazi Germany's invasion of the Soviet Union during World War II -- led to USSR joining the Allies
German Stop Line
From Archangel to the Caspian Sea; Moves Russians east of Ural Mountains
Nazi strike forces that killed innocent Jews with their infamous "death squads"
Russia civilian untis used against Germany dring Operation Barbarossa
An order from Adolf Hitler that demanded that any Soviet Political commissar identidied among captured troops be shot immediately as an enforcer of the communist ideology and the Soviet Communist PArty line in Military force.
United States military base on Hawaii that was bombed by Japan, bringing the United States into World War II. Pearl Harbor was attacked on December 7, 1941.
United States general who served as chief of staff and commanded Allied forces in the South Pacific during World War II
Cash & Carry
policy adopted by the United States in 1939 to preserve neutrality while aiding the Allies. Britain and France could buy goods from the United States if they paid in full and transported them.
1940 - U.S. agreed to "lend" its older destroyers to Great Britain. Signaled the end of U.S. neutrality in the war.
Lend Lease Act
Approve by Congress in March 1941; The act allowed America to sell, lend or lease arms or other supplies to nations considered "vital to the defense of the United States."
1941-Pledge signed by US president FDR and British prime minister Winston Churchill not to acquire new territory as a result of WWII amd to work for peace after the war
Bataan Death March
April 1942, American soldiers were forced to march 65 miles to prison camps by their Japanese captors. It is called the Death March because so may of the prisoners died en route.
Battle of Midway
U.S. naval victory over the Japanese fleet in June 1942, in which the Japanese lost four of their best aircraft carriers. It marked a turning point in World War II.
"Desert Fox"-May 1942; German and Italian armies were led by him and attacked British occupied Egypt and the Suez Canal for the second time; were defeated at the Battle of El Alamein; was moved to France to oversee the defenses before D-Day; tried to assassinate Hitler.
Second Battle of El-Alamein
Bernard Law Montgomery attacked Germany at EA, British overwhelmed Germany, who wasn't resupplied, Rommel retreats to Libya
Codename for allied invasion of North Africa from Novermber 1942 to September 1943
Known as "Old Blood and Guts," George S. Patton, Jr. was one of the most colorful generals of World War II. During World War II he served in North Africa and Sicily before becoming the commander of the Third Army.
Invasion of Italy
Allied soldiers of America/Britain invaded Italy, which resulted in the capture of Sicily in August 1943. Therefore Mussolini was cut off from Italy's power along with the surrendering of the new Italian government.
Battle of Stalingrad
Unsuccessful German attack on the city of Stalingrad during World War II from 1942 to 1943, that was the furthest extent of German advance into the Soviet Union.
Freidrich von Paulus
German General and was the head of the 6th army, he was forced to retreat in battle. Ran out supplies, as of result 90,000 Germans killed, 200,000 were killed.
Island Hopping Campaign
US strategy to reach mainland Japan by capturing key islands
First U.S. land victory over the Japanese
important islands from which B-29 bombers could make round trip bombing raids on Japan
United States fought for and captured the island of Iwo Jima; battle produced some of the fiercest fighting in the Pacific Campaign of World War II; major island in island hopping campaign
Firebombing of Japan
bombs that resulted in fires which helped destroy the targets. Used to scare Japan because Americans did not want to invade Japan because they fought to the death
The code name for the Allied invasion of Europe at Normandy on June 6, 1944; also known as D-Day
gave Hitler total control over any German decisons, actions, politics, etc. - overall commander - all orders through him, bad for Germany
Bernard L. Montegomery
Bernard Law Montgomery was a British military commander hailed as a hero of World War II, for defeating Germany's Erwin Rommel in the battle for North Africa (1942-43).
Dwight D. Eisenhower
leader of the Allied forces in Europe during WW2--leader of troops in Africa and commander in DDay invasion-elected president
George S. Patton led this operation into Germany to distract Hitler from Normandy. It was the code name for the allied military plan that included tactics to mislead the German military prior to D-Day
Failed attempt by Allied airborne and ground assault troops to capture bridges in Holland to open a rapid northern route for the Allied advance into Germany
Battle of the Bulge
World War II battle in December 1944 between Germany and Allied troops that was the last German offensive in the West.
Red Ball Express
Supply unit of all African Americans, kept supplies going after D-Day, Normandy while under German enemy fire
Executive Order 9066
A presidential executive order issued during WW2 by FDR that sent Japanese ethnic groups to internment camps.It was issued because of the fear for the country's safety and also Japanese-American's safety.
Hiroshima & Nagasaki
Two Japanese cities on which the U.S. dropped the atomic bombs to end World War II.
December, 1943 - A meeting between FDR, Churchill and Stalin in Iran to discuss coordination of military efforts against Germany, they repeated the pledge made in the earlier Moscow Conference to create the United Nations after the war's conclusion to help ensure international peace.
a conference held in Yalta in February 1945 where Roosevelt, Stalin, and Churchill planned the final stages of World War II and agreed to the territorial division of Europe
The final wartime meeting of the leaders of the United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union was held at Potsdam, outside Berlin, in July, 1945. Truman, Churchill, and Stalin discussed the future of Europe but their failure to reach meaningful agreements soon led to the onset of the Cold War.
Pearl Harbor Documentary
Review documentary worksheet/assignment given in class.
Breakout of Normandy Documentary
Review documentary worksheet/assignment given in class
The Ghost Front Documentary
Review documentary worksheet/assignment given in class
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