Am History Ch. 24 An Age of Limits
Terms in this set (76)
What was Nixon's new Federation Plan?
Give federal power back to the states
How did Nixon approach welfare reform in the United States?
Reduce the federal government role
Make recipients responsible for their own lives
What were Nixon's "Law and Order" policies?
Stop urban violence and antiwar demonstrations
Use illegal resources to spy on his opponents
What actions did Nixon take to slow desegregation?
Worked to reverse civil rights policies
-tried to slow down "Brown vs. the Board of Education"
Why did Nixon attempt to slow down school busing?
Because it was a way of forcing integration
-He wanted to appease southerners
What was Nixon's approach to choosing Supreme Court justices?
Replaced retiring justices with his conservative choices
What economic factors caused stagflation?
-too much money in the economy
What steps did Nixon take to beat stagflation?
Cut the budget
How did Nixon's policy of realpolitik differ from the idea of containment?
It evaluates a country on its real power
-if it is week and communist, they don't matter
What is the policy of détente?
A more flexible approach in dealing with communist nations
What was the significance of Nixon's trip to China?
He started his career being a staunch anti communist.
What were the provisions and significances of the SALT 1 Treaty?
limited the number of intercontinental ballistic missiles and submarine launched missiles to 1972 levels
Republican president of 1968
-platform of law and order
-pull out of Vietnam
give federal power back to the states
distribution of federal money to state and local governments with few or no restrictions on how it should be spent
Family assistance plan
welfare reform proposal that would have guaranteed an income to welfare recipients who agreed to undergo job training and to accept work.
Nixon's attempt to attract the support of southern conservative democrats who were unhappy with federal desegregation policies and the liberal supreme court
high inflation with high unemployment
organization of petroleum exporting counterwise
economic association of oil producing nations that is able to set oil prices.
Evaluates a country on its real power, no whether its communist or not
more flexible approach in dealing with communist nations
SALT I Treaty
limited the number of ballistic missiles of submarine launched missiles
What was the imperial presidency?
executive office takes on the air of and imperial, supreme authority
What made Nixon's advisors unique?
shared the president's desire for secrecy and consolidation of power
Why did burglars attempt to steal information from the DNC headquarters?
they planned to photograph documents outlining the democratic party strategy for its candidates
How were the White House ties to the burglary covered up?
Shredded incrimination documents
-paid people to keep them silent
how did the White House deflect public interest from the Watergate burglary?
promises of impending peace in Vietnam
What event triggered the Watergate investigation?
it was discovered that the burglars' group leader was a former CIA agent
What was important testimony given by Jon Dean and Alexander Butterfield?
Dean said Nixon was involved in the cover-up
Butterfield said Nixon taped all his conversations
What was the Saturday Night Massacre?
Nixon's firing on justice dept. officials
-including the special prosecutor investigating --Watergate
Why did Spiro Agnew resign as vice president/
Accepted bribes as governor of Maryland and vice president
What actions did the House Judiciary Committee take in the Watergate scandal?
Indicted 7 presidential aides on charges of conspiracy, obstruction of justice and prejury
What did the White House tapes reveal?
Nixon knew about the break in
-18 1/2 minutes were erased
Why did Nixon resign?
Before he would be impeached
What were the effects of Watergate?
a general distrust of public officials
the process of accusing a public official of a wrongdoing
Scandal arising from the Nixon administration's attempt to cover up its involvement in the 1972 break in at the democratic national committee headquarters in the Watergate apartment complex
white house chief of staff
Chief domestic advisor
Committee of Reelect the President
an organization formed to run President Nixon's 1072 reelection campaign
Judge in Watergate burglar trial
Saturday Night Massacre
Nixon's firing of justice department officials
What was the political result of Ford's pardon of Nixon?
People were anger and disillusioned with the presidency
How successful was Ford in dealing with economic problems?
Not at all
-triggered the worst recession in 40 years
How did Ford carry out Nixon's foreign policy?
Kept Kissinger as Secretary of State
kept up diplomatic relations with Soviet Union and China
Why did people criticize ford for his handling of Mayaguez incident?
His plan to rescue 39 crew members cost 41 lives
What political factors weakened the Republicans in 1976?
They were divided between Ford and Reagan
How did Carter reach out to the American people?
Soft spoken, personable, seemed to be hones
What were Carter's relations with Congress?
Poor, did not reach out to Congress
How did Carter deal with the energy crisis?
urged us all to cut usage of oil and gas
-big oil companies were against it
How successful was Carter in dealing with the nation's economic problems?
Inflation rose 14% and oil prices increased
How did economic issues affect Carter's political support?
Support went down
what were Carter's accomplishments in regard to civil rights?
his administration had more African Americans than any before it
-it fell short on legislation
What was the role of human rights in Carter's foreign policy?
He rejected countries that violated human rights
Why did Carter agree to give up control of the Panama Canal?
Panamanians did not want to split the country in half
Why was Carter unsuccessful in dealing with the Soviet Union?
because it was based on human rights
What were the Camp David Accords?
1st signed peace agreement with an Arab country
-Israel with drew from Sinai Peninsula
-6 days later war ended
Why did the Iranian revolutionaries take Americans hostage?
U.S. gave the rejected Shah of Iran permission to stay in the U.S. for cancer treatment
Speaker of the House
-became president after Nixon's resignation
Democratic President after Ford
Camp David Accords
Peace agreement between Israel and Egypt
Muslim religious leader who led the revolt to overthrow the Shah of Iran
How did Rachel Carson raise national awareness and environmental issues
Wrote a book "silent spring" that warned against the constant use of pesticides
What congressional action resulted from Carson's book?
Government outlawed chemical DDT
-earth day started april 22
-15 federal government agencies were consolidated into the Environmental Agency
how was Earth Day started?
Congress declared it
-every community/school had to host some kind of environmental activity
What actions did President Nixon take to help protect the environment?
15 federal government agencies were put into one. Environment Protection Agency
What were the people's concerns about nuclear power?
Aware of the dangers of nuclear power plants in environment and humans
What happened at three mile island?
A nuclear reactor malfunctioned and low levels of radiation escaped
How did the environmental movement change after the 1970s?
Struggle to balance environmental concerns with jobs and progress
National day of environmental activities
Wrote "silent spring" dangers of DDT
a person who works to protect the environment from destruction or pollution
environmental protection agency that regulates water, air pollution, toxic waste, pesticides and radiation
Three mile island
nuclear power plant where the reactor malfunctioned
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THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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Chapter 22: The Vietnam War
Chapter 23 - An Era of Social Change
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