35 terms

World History Chapter 7 Vocabulary

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old regime
1770s, the social and political system of France
estate
three large social classes of the Old Regime
Louis XVI
France's king in the 1770-1780's, a weak leader, extravagant spender
Maria Antoinette
Louis XVI Queen
estate - General
an assembly of representatives from all three estates
National Assembly
Third Estate delegates name
Tennis Court Oath
Third Estate delegates found themselves locked out of their meeting room. They broke down a door to an indoor tennis court, pledging to stay until the had drawn up a new constitution.
Great Fear
a wave of senseless panic
Legislative Assembly
1791, the National Assembly completed the new constitution. The constitution created a limited constitutional monarchy. It stripped the king of much of his authority. It also created a new legislative body the Legislative Assembly.
emigre
nobles and others who had fled France, hoped to undo the Revolution and restore the Old Regime .
Sans-Culotte
those without knee breeches
Jacobin
club members
guillotine
beheadding machine
Maximilian Robespierre
built a republic of virtue
Reign of Terror
Robespierre governed France virtually as a dictator, and the period of his rule became known as
Napoleon Bonaparte
5'-3", one of the worlds greatest military geniuses
Coup d'etat
blow to the state
plebiscite
vote of the people
lycee
government run public schools
concordat
agreement
Napoleonic code
comprehensive system of laws
Battle of Trafalgar
only major battle Napoleon lost
Blockade
a forcible closing of ports
Continental system
system that was suppose to make continental Europe more self sufficient
guerrilla
bands of Spanish peasant fighters
peninsula war
Napoleon lost about 300,000 men during this Peninsular War so called because Spain lies on the Iberian Peninsula.
scorched-earth policy
This involved burning grain fields and slaughtering live stock so as to leave nothing for the enemy to eat.
Waterloo
battle in which Napoleon was defeated, against British and Prussian forces,
Hundred Days
Waterloo defeat ended Napoleon's last bid for power, called the Hundred Days.
Congress of Vienna
A series of meetings in Vienna were called to set up policies to achieve new European order.
Klemens Von Metternich
foreign minister of Austria, one of the "five great powers"
balance of power
prevent future French aggression by surrounding France with strong countries, so that no country would be a threat to others.
legitimacy
The great powers affirmed the principle of legitimacy agreeing that as many as possible of the rulers whom Napoleon had driven from their thrones be restored to power.
Holy Alliance
pledged to base their relations with other nations on Christian principles in order to combat the forces of revolution.
concert of Europe
series of alliances devised by Metternich, ensured that nations would help one another if any revolutions broke out.