APUSH Vocab 4
Terms in this set (25)
Federalist; chief justice of supreme court
is the doctrine under which legislative and executive actions are subject to review by the
judiciary to determine if they are constitutional
Marbury vs. Madison
Supreme Court case that established the principle of "judicial review"—the idea that the Supreme Court had the final authority to determine constitutionality.
Act of forcibly drafting an individual into military service, employed by the British navy against American seamen in times of war against France, 1793-1815. Impressment was a continual source of conflict between Britain and the United States in the early national period.
An event leading to the US declaring war on Britain in 1812, The British warship Leopard and American frigate USS Chesapeake, when the crew of the Leopard attacked and boarded the American frigate looking for deserters from the British Navy. The commander of the USS Chesapeake, surrendered his vessel. Four crew members were removed from the American vessel and were tried for desertion, one of whom was subsequently hanged.
Macon's No. 2 Bill
Aimed at resuming peaceful trade with Britain and France, the act stipulated that if either Britain or France repealed its trade restrictions, the United States would reinstate the embargo against the nonrepealing nation. When Napoleon offered to lift his restrictions on British ports, the United States was forced to declare an embargo on Britain, thereby pushing the two nations closer toward war.
Democratic-Republican Congressmen who pressed James Madison to declare war on Britain. Largely drawn from the South and West, the war hawks resented British constraints on American trade and accused the British of supporting Indian attacks against American settlements on the
Great compromiser; Whig Party; Created the American System
Passed alongside the repeal of the Embargo Act, it reopened trade with all but the two belligerent nations, Britain and France. The Act continued Jefferson's policy of economic coercion, still with little effect.
Treaty of Ghent
Ended the War of 1812 and restored the status quo. For the most part, territory captured in the war was returned to the original owner. It also set up a commission to determine the disputed Canada/U.S. border.
Convention of Federalists from five New England states who opposed the War of 1812 and resented the strength of Southern and Western interests in Congress and in the White House. It led to the end of the Federalist Party.
Henry Clay's three-pronged system to promote American growth and industry. Clay advocated a strong banking system, a protective tariff and a federally funded transportation network of canals and roads. Started in response to the problems encountered during the War of 1812 and the need to industrialize the United States.
McCulloch v. Maryland
Supreme Court case that strengthened federal authority and upheld the constitutionality of the Bank of the United States by establishing that the State of Maryland did not have power to tax the bank.
Statement delivered by President James Monroe, warning European powers to refrain from seeking any new territories in the Americas. The United States largely lacked the power to back up the pronouncement, which was actually enforced by the British, who sought unfettered access to
Latin American markets.
Dartmouth vs. Woodward
Supreme Court case that sustained Dartmouth University's original charter against changes proposed by the New Hampshire state legislature, thereby protecting corporations from domination by state governments.
Signed by Britain and the United States, it established strict limits on naval armaments in the Great Lakes, a first step in the full demilitarization of the U.S.-Canadian border, completed in the 1870s.
It called for no more slaves to be brought into Missouri and called for the gradual emancipation of children born to slave parents already there.
The amendment was later defeated by the slave states in Congress.
first highway that was funded entirely with federal funds; connected the west and the east; helped trade and communications
New York state canal that linked Lake Erie to the Hudson River. It dramatically lowered shipping costs, fueling an economic boom in upstate New York and increasing the profitability of farming in the Old Northwest.
American inventor who designed the first commercially successful steamboat and the first steam warship
Invented the cotton gin and interchangeable parts
created a machine for spinning cotton; textile machine
Privately-funded, toll-based public road constructed in the early nineteenth
century to facilitate commerce.
Democratic republican; wanted to bring the common man into democracy; created Jacksonian democracy
Era of Good Feeling
Popular name for the period of one-party, Republican, rule during James Monroe's presidency. The term obscures bitter conflicts over internal improvements, slavery and the national bank.