26 terms

English Vocabulary

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abolish
cancel; put an end to
abdicate
v. (for a monarch) renounce one's throne
v. fail to fulfill or undertake (a responsibility or duty)
Syn: resign, relinquish, renounce Ant: accept, take on
absolve
v. set or declare (someone) free from blame, guilt, or responsibility
Syn: exonerate, acquit, exempt, forgive Ant: blame, condemn, punish
acquiesce
v. accept something reluctantly but without protest
Syn: concede, yield, submit
amend
v. make minor changes in order to make it fairer, more accurate, or more up-to-date
Syn: revise, modify, adapt, adjust
Ant: destroy, corrupt
arbitrary
adj. based on random choice or personal whim, rather than any reason or system
Syn: capricious, unreasoned, discretionary, subjective Ant: reasoned, rational
ascertain
v. find something out for certain; make sure of
Syn: deduce, discern, determine, confirm Ant: disprove, invalidate
assent
1. n. expression of approval or agreement
2. v. express approval or agreement, typically officially
Syn: 1. agreement, approval 2. agree, consent, concur
Ant: 1. dissent, refusal 2. refuse
compulsory
adj. required by law or a rule; obligatory
Syn: obligatory, mandatory, required Ant: optional, prohibited
derive
v. to obtain something; to get
Syn: obtain, acquire, procure Ant: give, forfeit
disparage
v. regard or represent as being of little worth; belittle
Syn: denigrate, undervalue, underrate Ant: praise, overrate
ideology
n. a system of ideas and ideals, especially one that forms the basis of economic or political theory and policy.
n. ideas and manner of thinking characteristic of a group, social class, or individual.
Syn: beliefs, ideals, principles, doctrine, philosophy, tenets Ant: ---
inalienable
adj. unable to be taken away from or given away by the possessor
Syn: inviolable, sacrosanct, nontransferable, nonnegotiable Ant: alienable, impermanent
infamous
adj. well known for some bad quality or deed
Syn: notorious, disreputable Ant: reputable, respected
prerequisite
1. n. the thing that is required as a prior condition for something else to happen or exist; something that is required beforehand.
2. adj. required before something else can exist or happen.
Syn: 1. n. requirement, qualification 2. adj. necessary, obligatory
Ant: 1. No real antonym for noun form. 2. adj. unnecessary
prohibit
v. formally forbid by law, rule, or other authority
Syn: proscribe, forbid, ban Ant: permit, authorize
proscribe
v. forbid, especially by law.
v. denounce, to condemn.
Syn: prohibit, forbid, disallow, criticize, censure Ant: allow, permit, accept
ramification
noun: a consequence of an action or event, especially when complex or unwelcome. If you're impetuous or imprudent, then you're not thinking of the ramifications of your actions.
Syn: consequence, result, effect, implication, outcome Ant: cause, origin, source
rectitude
n. morally correct behavior or thinking, righteousness
Syn: righteousness, virtue, integrity Ant: indecency, immorality
redress
v. remedy or set right; rectify
Syn: correct, remedy Ant: damage
relinquish
v. voluntarily cease to keep or claim; give up
Syn: renounce, give up, hand over Ant: retain, keep
sovereign
1. n. king or queen who is the supreme ruler of a country.
2. adj. possessing supreme power.
3. adj. in terms of a country or government, fully independent.
Syn: 1. n. ruler, monarch 2 & 3. adj. independent, absolute, autonomous
Ant: 1. n. servant, colony 2 & 3. adj. dependent, occupied, colonized
transient
adj. lasting only for a short time; impermanent
Syn: temporary, short-lived, ephemeral, brief, momentary Ant: permanent
ubiquitous
adj. present, appearing or found everywhere. iPhones are ubiquitous, for example.
Syn: pervasive, omnipresent, ever-present Ant: rare
pervasive
adj. spreading widely throughout an area or a group of people; widespread. iPhones are also pervasive.
Syn: ubiquitous, prevalent, permeating
usurp
v. take a position of power or importance illegally or by force; supplant
Syn: supplant, commandeer, seize Ant: release, relinquish

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