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Terms in this set (48)
Acts of violence designed to promote a specific ideology or agenda by creating panic among an enemy population
A puritanical and intolerant form of Islam that originated in Saudi Arabia.
The Muslim word for "struggle" especially when trying to follow the will of Allah. Often seen as a holy war
A long, tent-like garment worn by women. It covers the entire body and has a narrow mesh screen over the eyes.
Islamic law, based on interpretations of the Qur'an. Leads to differences in Islam
Islamic fundamentalist political group who ruled Afghanistan from 1996-2001
Terrorist group responsible for the horrific events of September 11, 2001 - led by Osama Bin Laden.
Osama Bin Laden
(1957-2011) Founder of al Qaeda, the terrorist network responsible for the attacks of September 11, 2001, and other attacks.
lit himself on fire and started the Arab Spring
A revolutionary wave of protests and demonstrations overtaking dictators in the Middle East (2011)
Mustafa Kemal Ataturk
Turkish leader who became the first president of modern Turkey and set about to modernize and Westernize Turkey
Theorist of radical Islam. Taliban and other Middle Eastern nations use this philosophy in their governing philosophy.
"The Uprising" against Israel by some Palestinians
PLO leader who agreed to recognize Israel's right to exist in exchange for Palestinian authority in Israel.
A territory along the Mediterranean that was part of Palestine. It was occupied by Israel in 1967.
a Palestinian Islamist movement that opposes peace with Israel and uses terrorism as a weapon
Statement issued by Britain's Foreign Secretaryin 1917 favoring the establishment of a Jewish national homeland in Palestine.
A methodical plan orchestrated by Hitler to ensure the elimination of Jews.
Independent Jewish nation founded in 1948 in Palestine. It became a US ally and ignited resentment among the predominately Muslim Middle East.
A ruling on a point of Islamic law that is given by a recognized authority. Bin Laden wrote one to call for war against the US
Terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and Pentagon; led to a focus on eliminating terrorism.
Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant
Nuclear, radiological, chemical, biological or other weapons which have the ability to bring harm to large numbers of people
A fundamentalist Islamic movement characterized by a literal interpretation of the Quran and implementation of Islamic values in all aspects of life.
Location of the start of the Arab Spring
Place US invaded as it was believed to hold WMDs. It did not and helped inflame Islamism.
American supported Iranian leader who was a brutal dictator and later overthrown
Shiite religious leader of Iran, led the 1979 Islamic Revolution in Iran and ordered the invasion of the US Embassy.
Iran Hostage Crisis
1979 - Anti-American Iranians stormed the U.S. embassy in Tehran and took hostages, lasted almost two years
Constitutional Islamic Democracy
used by Ataturk, US approved, separates church and states. women rights, voting and freedom of religion.
6 Day War
Israeli victory resulting in occupation of Gaza Strip, Sinai Peninsula, Golan Heights, West Bank, and East Jerusalem
Camp David Accords
A peace treaty between Israel and Egypt where Egypt agreed to recognize the nation state of Israel
An agreementin which Israel granted Palestinian self-rule in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank.
Coordinates policies among oil-producing countries; embargoed oil to US as US supported Israel
Iranian primer minster, nationalized foreign-owned oil industry. Was ousted by the CIA
The most popular branch of Islam; they believe in the legitimacy of the elected caliphs
A group inside Islam that believes that its religious leader should be chosen based on heredity.
The most powerful Shiite nation. Took Americans hostage
a pro-Sunni political party dedicated to the recreataion of the Ottoman Empire
The code name used by the coalition waging war against Iraq in early 1991 to liberate Kuwait.
Secret deal to divide the Ottoman Empire after WWI
Brutal dictator in Iraq who tried to take over Iran and Kuwait and threatened Saudi Arabia. Tried to create weapons of mass destruction.
City in Libya where 4 Americans killed in terrorist attack - became a US election scandal on idea that Clinton and Obama withheld military support
Muslim leader who said that to be against his interpretation of Islam was to be an enemy of God
An islamist requirement for women, the idea is to remove lust and sexual desire from the woman
Bashar al Assad
Leader of Syria who has crushed minority groups. Is fighting a civil war against rebels and ISIL
Unknown group of hackers who helped back the Arab Spring and topple dictators
Tool of Arab Spring revolutionaries to bring down dictators
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