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72 terms

SOL Greece/Rome

9th Grade World History SOL Review
STUDY
PLAY
The Hellenic civilization took place in what country?
Greece
How did the Greeks spread the Hellenic culture?
trade and conquest
What sea is located east of Greece?
Aegean Sea
What sea is located south of Greece?
Med. Sea
What strait is the entrance to the Black Sea?
Bosporus
What area was located north of Greece and was the home of Alexander the Great?
Macedonia
Why was agriculture limited in ancient Greece?
Hilly, mountainous terrain
To trade one good for another is to do what?
barther
What geographical feature isolated Greek city-states?
mountains and seas
Why did the Greeks colonize outside Greece?
more farm land
The Greeks practiced what kind of religion?
polytheism
What did Artemis represent?
the Hunt
What did Apollo represent
music and sun
What Greek city-state had an oligarchy?
Sparta
What did Athena represent?
wisdom
What did Hera represent?
marraige
What did Aphrodite represent?
love
Greeks practiced barter, but later changed over to what?
money
Who were Greek citizens?
free men
What responsibilities did Greek citizens have?
pay taxes, serve in military, vote
What city-state had a direct democracy?
Athens
Which wars united Athens and Sparta against an external enemy?
Persian
What were the 2 main city-states of Greece?
Athens and Sparta
Which Greek city-state had a militaristic and aggressive society?
Sparta
What was the alliance headed by Athens?
Delian League
Name 2 battles of the Persian Wars
Marathon, Salamis, Thermopylae
A result of the Persian War was the control of what sea?
Aegean Sea
What war was caused by competition between Athens and Sparta for control of the Greek world?
Peloponnesian
Who was Pericles?
leader of Athens during Golden Age
Who rebuilt Athens after the Persian Wars?
Pericles
What building was rebuilt after the Persian Wars?
Parthenon
What kind of columns are on the Parthenon?
doric
What were the 3 types of Greek columns?
doric, ionian, corinthian
What war made it easier for the Macedoinians to conquer Greece?
Peloponnesian
Who developed a theory about right triangles?
pythagoras
What Macedonian conquered most of Greece?
Phillip II or Alexander
How was Hellenistic culture spread?
conquest
Whoc onquered the Persian Empire and most of the ancient world?
Alexander the Great
What was Hellenistic culture?
Greek, Persian
What protected Italy from northern invaders?
Aphs Mountains
What protected Italy on all other sides?
Med. Sea
What type of religion did Rome follow?
polytheistic
Rome mythology was based on what?
greek
What was the highest Roman social class and who was in it?
Particians, richest and powerful
The majority of Rome's population was what class?
plebians
Who were forced by conquest to become servants to the Romans?
slaves
Who held citizenship in Rome?
patricians and plebians
What kind of democracy did Rome have?
representative
What were the Twelve Tables?
Roman laws placed in middle of forum
The Punic Wars were between whom?
Carthage and Rome
At the end of the Punic Wars, Rome controlled what sea?
Med. Sea
Name 3 causes for the decline of the Roman republic.
1. Rise of private armies 2. civil wars 3. J. Caesar
Who was in the First Triumvirate?
Julius Caesar, Pompey, Crassus
What happened to Julius Caesar?
killed by senate
Who was the first emperor of Rome?
Octavian/Augustus Caesar
What was the Pax Romana?
200 years of peace established by A. Caesar
What emporer established the Pax Romana?
Augustus Caesar
What is the civil service?
run the day to day stuff
What kind of religion was Christianity?
monotheistic
Name 3 basic beliefs of Christianity.
Jesus is the messiah, son of God, 1 god
What was the goal of the Apostles?
to spread Christianity
What were the Apostles?
12 closest disciples
What was the main unifying force in western Europe after the fall of Rome?
Catholic Church
Who was Ptolemy?
astonomer
What language did they speak in Rome?
latin
Who wrote the Aeneid?
Virgil
Who built the Roman capital in Byzantium?
Constantine
Who did the Roman capital?
Constantinople
Name 3 reasons for the decline and fall of Rome.
Germanic invastions, economic decline/inflation, moral decay
What did the Eastern Roman Empire become?
Byzantine Empire
Who invaded the Roman Empire?
dramatic invasions
Name 2 reasons Constantinople became the capital of the Roman Empire.
madmade images of god, icons