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Culture Unit Test
Terms in this set (31)
the knowledge, values, customs, and physical objects that are shared by members of a society
material and nonmaterial
specific territory inhabited by people who share a common culture
genetically inherited patterns of behavior (unlearned)
biologically inherited automatic reactions to physical stimuli
impulses to reduce discomfort ex: eating, drinking, sleeping
objects or signs that produce a shared social response, stand for, or represent something
most serious, violation demands punishment
ex: india forbids the killing of cows
rules that determine appropriate and inappropriate behavior in a culture or society
cover customary ways of thinking and disapproval of those who violate folkways is not great but they are not considered bad people
ex: socks with sandals, crocs
moral dimensions that should be followed and issues of right and wrong
ex: stealing from someone
forced by officials
ex: texting and driving
Words and phrases that have different meanings in societies using the same language.
Ex: Garage in US is a place to park your car but in the UK it means a gas station
something that is only understood within boudaries of its own culture
broad ideas about what is good or desirable shared by people in a society
groups that share a social characteristic such as age, gender, or religion
Certain behaviors are associated with these groups (i.e. devout religious people are expected to attend church regularly)
part of the dominant culture that differs from it in some important respects
ex: chinatown in San Fransisco; participate in american culture but hold onto many of their own
deliberately and consciously opposed to certain central beliefs or attitudes of the dominant culture
ex: goth, punk
Judging others based on own cultures standards
General cultural traits that exist in all cultures
Ex: sports, cooking, education
the ways in which a culture expresses its universal traits
ex: marriage practices and raising children
how are culture and society related?
society shapes your culture and you cannot have a society without culture
how are instincts important to human behavior?
Nature vs. Nurture
how are language and culture related?
Cultures can have specific languages and some words mean different things depending on culture
how are cultural norms seen in wedding customs around the globe?
different cultures have different norms for their weddings.
China: apple with thread
Columbia: joining candle ceremony
Idioms, Body Language, Cultural Bonds
idioms: Words and phrases that have different meanings in societies using the same language.
body language: movements that convey thought and feelings without words
cultural bonds: Something that is only understood within the boundaries of its own culture.
How are values and norms related?
Values have a tremendous influence on human social behavior because they form the basis for society's norms
physical objects like skyscrapers, restaurants, cell phones, cars
nonphysical aspects of culture like beliefs, rules, customs, economic systems, family systems, etc.
Ways in which culture changes
-contact with other cultures
-through new ideas or technological advances
pros of ethnocentrism
unites people, creates diversity, fix and work on things when people come together
cons of ethnocentrism
conflict, prevents change for the better because too prideful
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Chapter 3 Sociology
Sociology Chapter 2
Sociology Chapter 3: Culture
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