Ap Human Geography: Migration

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Terms in this set (...)

relocation diffusion
The spread of characteristics from one place to another
migration
Permanent movement to a new location
mobility
General term for all types of movement from one place to another
circulation
Repetitive movement that occurs on a regular basis
emigration
Migration FROM a location
immigration
Migration TO a location
net migration
Difference between immigrants and emigrants.
voluntary migration
When a migrant willing choses to move.
Forced Migration
When a migrant moves against their will.
international migration
Permanent movement from one country to another
internal migration
Permanent movement within a country
interregional migration
Movement from one region of a country to another region of the same country
intraregional migration
Movement within a region
counterurbanization
The process of urban to rural migration; most common in MDCs.
urbanization
The process of rural to urban migration; most common in LDCs.
suburbanization
The process of urban to suburban migration.
push factors
Considerations that persuades someone to move out of current location.
pull factor
Considerations that persuades someone to move to a new location.
refugee
Someone forced to migrate to a new country due to political/ environmental factors and who cannot return due to fear of persecution.
internally displaced persons (IDP)
A forced or reluctant migrant who has fled their home as a refugee but who has not migrated across an international border.
asylum seeker
Someone who migrated to a new country to be recognized as a refugee
floodplain
Area subjected to flooding during a specific number of years based on historic trends
guest worker
An immigrant temporarily allowed into a country to obtain work (common in Europe in the 1960s and 70s).
intervening obstacle
Environmental/ political factor that stops migration
quota
The maximum limit on the number of immigrants to a country.
brain drain
When talented professionals from LDCs migrate to MDCs.
chain migration
Migration of people to a specific location because relatives or members of the same nationality previoulsy migrated there.
unauthorized (or undocumented) Immigrants
Immigrants who enter without proper documents
remittances
Money sent back home by migrants to family members in home country
Regions with the Largest Flows
Asia to Europe
Asia to North America
Latin America to North America
Typical International Flow
Developing (LDCs) to Developed (MDCs) Countries
Types of Intraregional Migration
Rural to Urban
Urban to Suburban
Urban to Rural

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