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contrasts what is real and what only seems to be real

dramatic irony

occurs when the reader knows something important that a character does not know

verbal irony

when what is said is opposite of what is meant

situational irony

when what happens is the opposite of what is expected to happen


helps create suspense keeping readers wondering about what will happen next


the message about life that the story conveys


conversation between characters


can include the social, economic or circumstances that affect the characters


element that causes fear dread or anxiety in the reader


the struggle between two or more opposing forces

internal conflict

struggle within the mind of one character

external conflict

struggle between two characters, between an individual and a group or between a force such as nature or fate


the sequence of events or actions in a story


writing that tells a story


the reason that characters do something


sudden insight


there are imaginary characters and events


the writers process of revealing a characters traits to a reader

character development

process of showing how a character changes or of revealing different sides of a characters personality


main character


adversary of the main character

static character

remains the same throughout the course of the story

dynamic character

changes significantly through the course of the story

round character

shows many different traits, faults as well as virtues

flat character

one sises shows only one trait, usually a stereotype

In Harrison Bergeron what are the different reasons people are handicapped

intellect talent beauty

why was harrison taken away

athletic and smart

In the Lottery what was the lottery used for

to assure good crops

what three things does the story criticize

superstition tradition and ceremonies

in the censors what does juan do at the beginning of the story that gets him in trouble

writes a letter

what are the three themes of the story

freedom power ambition

the monkeys paw What literary devices are shown in these passages:
a. "I don't know what the first two [wishes] were, but the third was for death."
" could two hundred pounds hurt you, father?

foreshadowing and then irony

What is the first cats name in "The Black Cat"


why does the man kill the first cat

the cat bit him

What is an unreliable narrator What line(s) show that the narrator is unreliable?

a narrator you cant trust and mad i am not

in the apple tree What makes the apple tree seem valuable to the father

his friend tells him its rare

what are three themes of this story

allusion vs reality
unrealistic expectations
ignorance making one blind to reality

In "Contents of the Dead Man's Pockets" What does the yellow paper symbolize at the beginning of the story?

toms work and ambition

what are some lines to show internal conflict

when he looks down from balcony

In "The Masque of the Red Death"
How is the Prince's name ironic?

he ends up not being prosperous

What three things might the seven rooms suggest

sunrise to sunset seven ages of man seven deadly sins

what does the abbey symbolize

man striving to avoid death

In "The Most Dangerous Game" What are examples of foreshadowing?

who cares what a jaguar feels

What are examples of irony

who cares what a jaguar feels

"The Necklace" How does Madame Loisel react when her husband secures an invitation to a fancy party?

furious and ungrateful

How does madame loisel spend the evening at the party

in a whirl of dancing and admiration

In "Leiningen Versus the Ants" What is Leiningen's main flaw?

overconfidence in his own intelligence

What symbolizes the potential victory of the ants

the pampas stag

What are three ancient elements used to fight the stags

water fire earth

What happened before the play opened in antigone

the curse of edipus

Who is the antagonist


What is the main struggle between the antagonist and the protagonist

antigones obedience to higher law against creons desire for order

what is the main conflict

conflict between law of man and law of gods

Why does creon decree that Polyneicces go unburied

he does not want to honor a traitor

What is Creons primary characteristic


what is the main theme

only crime is pride

with whom does Haimon believe the authority rests


why might antigone be considered a tragic figure

her refusal to give in to Creon results in her downfall

Why might Creon be considered a tragic figure

lost everything that was dear to him suffers greatly because of a flaw in his character

What factors makes creon a tragic figure

refusal to listen to haimons argument grief over deaths of haimon and eurydice
belated decision to release antigone

Does the choragus agree with creons final statement

no because he believed his pride caused his ruin

What are the functions of the chorus?

1. recall/interpret past events 2. foretell the future 3. comment on actions

What are the three plays in the Oedipus Cycle

Oedipus the King, Oedipus at Colonus, Antigone

Is Antigone the first middle or last play?


What is the requirement for a tragic hero or heroine

The odds are unconquerable; Tragedy requires that the hero or heroine make choices that lead to a situation where there is no escape.

How is the story of Oedipus literature's greatest example of dramatic irony?

He is searching for the murderer of Thebes, and he is the murderer.

Where did the Greeks build their theaters

on hillsides

What are characteristics of Greek theater

no scenery only boy actors

How are Oedipus and Antigone alike

They are both strong willed and stubborn

What is hubris

excessive pride

What is Catharsis

emotional release

In A Tale of Two cities book 1 what is the first line of the novel

it was the worst of times it was the best of times

What do the woodmen and the farmer represent

fate and death

What is Jarvis Lorry about to do metaphorically in chapter 2

dig someone out of a grave

What is the code phrase Mr. Lorry uses to refer to the rescue of Dr. Manette?

recalled to life

What are blank forms of consignment

the result of a trial in which the defendant was found guilty

In what district of paris is the defarges wine shop

st antoine

what is Jacques


What does Gaspard write on the wall


What is a reminder of dr manettes time in prison

cobblers tools

How does Madame Defarge spend her days


what is madame defarge described as looking at


Which French king lived lavishly and did not institute needed economic reforms?

Louis XIV (14th)

What does Bastille day commemorate

beginning of the french revolution

What is the date of this event

July 14, 1789

What was the slogan of the French Revolution?

liberty fraternity equality

What was the purpose of the French Revolution

squelch all opposition

In Book 2 what does Jerry Cruncher resent about his wife

her praying

Why is Charles Darney on trial in England


If convicted what would be his puishment

drawing and quarting

Who is the chief witness against Darney

john barsad

Who makes the observation that breaks the case against Darney

sydney carton

What are characteristics of Sydney Carton

intelligent lazy a heavy drinker

What are two reasons Carton and Darnay are doubles?

looks and both love Lucie

What was found in the Tower of London

the word dig carved on the wall and a burnt letter

What are three ways the french revolution was foreshadowed

footsteps echoes storm

What is the Marquis Evremonde's attitude after his carriage runs over a child?


Who is the childs father


Who reports seeing a man clinging to the bottom of the Marquis' carriage?

an unnamed mender of roads

Where does madame defarge register those who are slated to kill

in her knitting

Why does Darney go to Paris

to help Gabelle

What promise does Sydney make to Lucie

he will make any sacrifice for her or someone she loves

what does charles tell dr manette right before charles and lucies wedding

his real name

What does one stone face to many mean

the marquis has been killed

why does charles go to his uncles house

to renounce his title property and country

In what terms does mr stryver refer to marriage


In book 3 what showed the importance of he guillotine

people replaced it with the cross

who denounces charles darnay

the defarges and dr. manette

which three characters illustrate the theme of resurrection

dr manette carton and darney

Which two characters illustrate the theme of love being stronger than hate?

mrs pross and madame defarge

What does the last line of the novel represent

redemption of carton

What does carton refer to his evidence against barsad as


what are sydneys last words to lucie

a life you love

why is darney arrested as he enters france

hes an immigrant

what did the wood sawyer used to be

mender of roads

What does Dr. Manette do when he finds out that Darnay is a prisoner in France?

immediately goes to Paris

what shows lucies commitment to her husband

stand outside of his prison cell everdat for two hours

Who knows that Darney isnt being executed

seamstress and barsad

what is the most important piece of evidence used against darney

dr manettes manuscript

who had dr manette imprisoned

evermonde twins

what does carton learn when he eavesdrops on the defarges

madame defarge wants lucie and little lucie killed

why does carton trade places with darney

he promised lucie he would do anything for her or for a life she loved

why does madame defarge not attend the execution

she is dead

what is cartons last statement

It is a far, far better thing that I do
than I have ever done; it is a far, far better rest that I go to than I have ever known."

Where had Defarge found the evidence that convicted Darnay?

cell in bastille

Why does Madame Defarge want Lucie and her daughter killed?

she wants all arisrocrats killed

what is the substance of the shadow

dr manettes manuscript

What and who are in cartons vision of the future

charles and lucie having a child and naming it after him revolutionaries killed lorry and dr manette living long happy lives

which three characters are recalled to life

dr manette carton and darney

what does the loadstone rock symbolize


in much ado about nothing which two characters insist they do not want to marry

beatrice and benedick

What attracts hero to claudio

looks personality money

What does Beatrice mean when she says, "I had rather hear my dog bark at a crow"?

doesnt want to hear a man say he loves her

what does don jon do to cause trouble first

tells claudio don pedro is courting hero

why does don jon cause these troubles

evil and hates claudio

What is Benedick's reaction to Beatrice's tirade against him at the masquerade ball?

hurt and angry

What does Benedick say a woman must have if he is to marry her?

rich, wise, virtuous, fair, mild, noble, of good discourse, and an excellent musician

what do don pedro and his friends do to benedick

talk up beatrice to make him fall in love with her

why is borachio arrested

for slandering don jon

what is leonatos reaction to claudio shaming hero

turns on her wishes she wasnt born

Who suspects Don John is the probable clause of Hero's "disgrace"?


which characters first believe that hero is innocent

friar and beatrice

what is the friars plans

to pretend that hero is dead to make claudio feel bad and if he doesnt she will get sent to a convict

what are three things claudio must do for penance

write epitaph for hero
marry heros cousin
declare hero is innocent

What is the circumstance of don john at the end of the play


What is a malapropism

misuse of words

who are foils to benedick and beatrice

hero and claudio

What are two meanings of the title

things that arent important and lots of eavesdropping

what is the plot based on


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