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Exploration and the American Colonies
Terms in this set (37)
What was the name of the path that many Asians took during the Ice Age to get to North and South America?
Bering straight land bridge
List the 3 early American civilizations that we talked about in class.
Aztec, Incan, Mayan
List the 2 early European civilizations that we talked about in class.
Rome, and Greece
What are the differences between Direct Democracy and a Republic?
Direct Democracy: Everybody votes on every issue
Republic: Vote for representatives, Everyone votes for president
What are the similarities between Direct Democracy and a Republic?
They both vote, and the people run the government in both
What was the name given to the 200 years of war between the Europeans Christians and the Muslims over control of the Holy Lands of the Middle East?
What did the Europeans find there that sparked their interest in traveling and trading?
new products, food, technology, and ideas
What was the black plague and how did it spread?
A disease spread by rats, fleas, poor sanitation, and close quarters
The time period in Europe after the Black Plague is known as what and what does it mean?
Renaissance = Rebirth
One of the most significant inventions in history was invented in Europe during this time. What was it?
Printing press - Johannes Gutenburg
Why was the printing press significant?
mass production, cheaper, spread of knowledge
Who was prince henry and what did he do?
He created a school for navigation to teach more people how to explore
What early explorer believed that the earth was much smaller and decided to go west in search of Asia?
What is the Columbian Exchange?
The interaction of trade between the old world and the new world.
Disease wreaked havoc on Native Americans after they came into contact w/Europeans,why?
Europeans had already been exposed to it, but the Native Americans hadn't, so they got infected.
Why did the Europeans believe that this was affecting the natives and not them?
Their God is better at protecting them
Approximately how many Natives do historians believed died as a result of European diseases?
What Spanish Conquistador conquered the Aztec civilization?
What advantages did Cortez and his men have over the Aztecs?
Technology/weapons, disease, help from Aztec enemies
What Spanish conquistador conquered the Inca civilization?
What was the Spanish armada, what happened to them, and why was this important?
King Philip II tried to invade England b/c Elizabeth killed Mary queen of Scotts who was Catholic and England was protestant at the time. This cause the Spanish Armada to stop exploring.
Who becomes the dominant naval power after Spain stops exploring?
What was the first permanent English colony in North America?
Describe the difference between the french and the english ideas about the new world.
French: wanted slave labor
English: just wanted to live there and expand
What is an indentured servant?
People who would work for a period of time to pay off the coast of their voyage to America
What are slave codes and why were they passed?
Rules to control communication and revolts between slaves
What was the name given to the group of people who wanted to purify the Anglican church in England?
What was the Mayflower Compact?
A set of rules to govern themselves before they got into Virginia.
What does bi-cameral mean?
2 house legislature
Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson formed what colony?
What was the new "English" name to the former Dutch colony of New Amsterdam?
Whats does economy mean?
The way a group of people manage and use their resources to make a living
What are the 3 different colonial regions?
New England Colonies, Middle Colonies, Southern Colonies
What was the source of much of the oil for lanterns in New England?
What is a staple crop?
Wheat, barley, oats
What were 2 of the largest colonial cities by 1760?
Philadelphia and New York City
What explorers' crew was the first to circumnavigate the globe?
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