71 terms

Greek, Etruscan, & Roman Art

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Terms in this set (...)

Krater
Used to mix water and wine but this one used as a grave marker
What period was the Funeral Krater from?
Geometric Period
Where was sculpture originally painted?
Ancient Greece and Rome
Kouros
a nude, male youth in ancient Greek art
Peplos Kore
Greek maiden who is without a husband
Hydria
Greek vessel that holds water and has three handles
Oinochoe
wine pitcher
Red figure decoration
Pottery is black whilst people are red
Symposium
A social gathering of rich and powerful men who would have had their wine mixed with water in this krater
Maenad
female follower of Dionysus
Scopas
Sculptor of Maenad
Black Figure Amphora
Used as a storage vessel of wine, grain, and olive oil
Exekias
Greek potter and painter of the Black Figure Amphora
When did Greek potters and painters sign their work?
Occasionally
Bronze Greek Warrior Technique
lost wax process to create bronze sculpture
Was the Bronze Greek Warrior a kouros?
No even though he is nude
Kylix
drinking vessel
Lekythoi
Used for funeral libations of oil or perfume
Where is Temple of Hera I?
Southern Italy
Architecture of Temple of Hera I
Doric Order
Wet Drapery
The style adopted by Pheidias in carving clinging clothing on marble statues
Where are the three wet drapery goddesses from?
The Parthenon
Parthenon
Named after Athena Parthenos and located on the acropolis
Acropolis
Extreme edge
Contrapposto
against the pose
Nike
winged Victory from her temple on the acropolis in Athens
Caryatid
female figure columns
Where can the Caryatid be found?
Porch of the Maidens on acropolis in Athens
Stele
Upright slab
What does the stele of a little girl show?
Her holding her doves who died young
Lysippos statue proportions
8:1
Lysippos statue pose
Contrapposto
Fig leaf
Not original Greek
Sculptor of Hermes and the Baby Dionysus
Praxiteles
Hermes and the Baby Dionysus pose
Contrapposto
Aphrodite of Knidos
first nude image of Aphrodite in Greek sculpture
Sculptor of Aphrodite of Knidos
Praxiteles
What does the Wounded Celtic Trumpeter emphasize?
A Hellenistic Greek interest in showing emotions, age, and/or pain
What does a broken sword indicate?
Defeat
Laocoon
Trojan priest who tried to warn the Trojans not to bring the Trojan horse into the city
How did Laocoon die?
Apollo sent serpents to kill him and his sons
Sculptors of Laocoon and Sons
Hagesandros, Athanadoros, and Polydoros of Rhodes
Types of Greek Plays
Comedy and Tragedy
Why did the Greeks put on plays?
To honor Dionysus
Socrates
Accused of corrupting the youth of Athens by questioning the existence of the gods and making his students think
Old Women
Greek wet drapery sculpture
Bronze Mirror shows
Chalcas
Etruscan Culture
Chalcas
Greek priest who went to Troy
Apollo
Etruscan culture; acroterium sculpture
Acroterium
Sculpture on top of temple room
Roman Republican Portraits show
verism
Verism
"truth"; showing every wrinkle and bit of sagginess
Roman Aqueduct
Carries water from mountains to cities
What does the Roman Aqueduct use?
Concrete from tufa and the arch
Tufa
a porous rock similar to limestone
Emperor Augustus based on
the style of the spear Bearer
Emperor Augustus sculptor
Polykleitos
Emperor Augustus pose
Contrapposto
What is a Roman toga and a Purple robe a sign of?
High status
Roman Fresco has symbols of
Literacy; scroll, wax tablet, stylus
What is the Amphitheater?
Colosseum in Rome; arena made of sand
What happened at the Amphitheater?
Wild beast fights, gladiatorial contests, mock naval battles
Unswept Floor Mosaic shows
Abundance
Tessera
Individual pieces of four sided colored marble
Baths of Caracalla
Where the Romans bathed
Frigidarium
Cold room
Palaestra
Sports room
Tepidarium
Lukewarm room
Caldarium
Hot room
Natatio
Plunge Pool
Roman Basilica of Constantine
Public building where legal matters were transacted; NOT A CHURCH

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