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Arts and Humanities
Ancient Egypt, Chapter 4, Test Question Practice
Flashcards for test questions
Terms in this set (50)
Upper and Lower Egypt Aduck ducked duck
What were the two regions that made up ancient Egypt?
What was the northern region of Egypt?
What was the southern region of Egypt?
They made it difficult to sail, hindering trade, but protecting Egypt from enemies.
How might the Nile's cataracts have both helped and hurt Egypt?
It represented the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt.
Why did the first Pharaohs of Egypt wear a double crown?
Who was the first Pharaoh of Egypt, marrying a princess from Lower Egypt to strengthen unification?
wheat and barley
What were Egypt's two main crops?
Who was most famous for the monuments built under his reign?
In Egypt, who owned the land?
nobles and the king's family
Who held bureaucratic positions in Egypt?
upper, middle, lower
What were the three main socio-economic classes in ancient Egypt?
What social group comprised the upper class?
scribes, artisans, merchants
What social groups comprised the middle class?
farmers and servants
What social groups comprised the lower class?
What group were below all social classes?
public works and building projects
What did the Pharaoh have farmers do during flood season?
Sumer and Nubia
What two trading neighbors influenced Egypt's pottery designs?
From what area did Egypt trade for wood?
Gold, ivory and slaves came from what area south of Egypt?
Pharaoh was god
Why was the pharaoh's authority never questioned?
government and worshippers
Who paid for the cost and upkeep of the temples?
What was the capital of Egypt during the Old Kingdom?
human and animal forms
What did the gods/goddesses look like?
happy, ideal world where everyone is young and healthy
What did the Egyptians believe about afterlife?
What was the name of the person's life force that remained linked to the body and could not leave its burial site?
filled tombs with objects for the afterlife, like clothing, jewelry, weapons, food, and drink
How did people fill the ka's needs?
decay of the body
What would lead to the link between body and spirit (ka) being broken?
In order to keep the ka from suffering, Egyptians developed what?
at the edge of the desert in sand
Where were the bodies of the lower classes buried?
What cloth was used to wrap the body of a mummy?
From what plant was linen woven?
What was written on the inside of coffins to help the mummy receive food and drink?
Egyptians used hieroglyphics, Sumerians used what?
Sargon I of Akkad
What Mesopotamian King was most like King Menes of Egypt?
Egyptians did not distinguish between color of skin, but by what?
Who were seen as the personification of god?
Before unification, Upper Egyptian monarchs wore which Crown?
Before unification, Lower Egyptian monarchs wore which Crown
In pre-dynastic Egypt, which region Upper Egypt or Lower Egypt, was more commercial? Think geographically.
Bureaucrats are non-________________ government officials.
How did Egyptian royalty keep the throne in the family?
Who was the main power under the Pharaoh or king?
What were the king's court called?
to find funding to support lifestyle of the king and his court and construction of public works and monuments
What does it mean to "locate resources" for the support of the Pharaoh, his court, and his projects?
What were the code of laws and punishments in ancient Egypt named?
to keep people in check or "under the ruler's thumb"
What does it mean to "maintain subordinate position of the people?"
taxes, laws, and forced governmental or military service
How did the Pharaoh and his officials maintain the subordinate position of the people?
farmers, public works or construction of buildings
Give an example of a social group from the lower classes who were forced to work by the Pharaoh and the type of work.
What economic sector created most of ancient Egypt's wealth?
most to taxes, rest for trade
How were the surpluses of farmers distributed?
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