5th Grade EOG, Language Arts Terms

North Carolina 5th Grade EOG Terms, Langauge Arts
STUDY
PLAY
Fiction
A story that is not true
Non-Fiction
A selction that is true or factual.
Narrrative
Another name for a story
Drama
Another word for plays
Poetry
A text with stanzas. Lines, and rhyming words.
Memoirs
A kind of writing that tells someone's memories
Summary
A retelling of the most important parts of what was read.
Recipe
Directions for cooking something
Biography
A story about someone's life
Autobiography
When the author tells his own life story.
Fantasy
Stories that have elements in them that could not really happen
Folk Tales
Fiction Stories that are based on legends.
Fairy Tales
Stories that involve unrealistic characters like fairies, and usually have a happy ending.
Myths / Legends
A story passed down from generations that exlpain historical events.
Diaries / Journals
A record of daily events.
Ingredients
The parts that you eat in cooking.
Utensils
Tools used in cooking (Ex/ Spoon)
Equipment
The machines used in cooking.
Bake
To Cook
Poet
Author or writer of a poem
Speaker
A person who reads the poem out loud
Stanza
A group of lines that make up a paragraph in a poem.
Numbered Line
A group of words one one line with a number in the front
Poem
A piece of writing set out in short lines, often with a noticeable rhythym and some words that rhyme.
Plays
A type of writing that is meant to be acted out
Skits
Smaller plays
Monologue
A skit put on by one person
Narrator
The person telling the story
Scene
A smaller section of the play
Act
A larger division of the play (like a chapter)
Cast of Characters
The people or animals in the play.
Stage Directions
Directions that tell the actors where to go on stage, talk and show emotion to the audience
Props
Items used to make the play more realistic
Curtain
A large piece of fabric used to help change the scenes
Dictionary
An information aid that lists words in alphabetical order and includes the definition, spelling, parts of speech.
Thesaurus
An information aid that helps you find the synonym for a word you already have
Atlas
A book that contains maps
Exaggeration
To stretch the truth with information or facts that are not true
Personification
When the author gives objects or natural forces human characteristics and feelings
Simile
When you use words "like" or "as" to compare
Metaphor
When you compare without using the words "like" or "as"
Alliteration
Repeating rhyming words
Cuase
What makes something happen
Effect
What happens because of something
Significance
A part of the story that is important
Impact
A dramatic or large effect on the story
Main Idea
What the story is mainly about
Purpose
Why the author wrote the passage
Opinion
How a person feels about something
Mood
How the story makes the reader feel
Tone
How the author feels
Characteristics
Traits that the character has, Ex/ Brave
Fact
A statement that is true
Details
Sentances that support the main idea that tells who, what, when, where, and why
Influence
The effect a situation or character has one each other
Information
Communication of knowledge
To Entertain
Humor the reader (Funny)
To Inform
To give information or facts to the reader
To Persuade
To get the reader to buy or do something
Prediction
Something you will think will happen
Compare and Contrast
How are things alike and different
Sequence
The order of events
Inference
A special kind of guess or opinion based on facts
Characters
The people or animals in the story
Plot
Part of the story that tells what happens
Conflict
Part of the Plot. Also known as the problem
Resolution
When the problem in the story is fixed / solution
Setting
Where and when the story takes place
Synonym
Words that have the same meaning
Antonym
Words that have the opposite meaning
Multiple-Meaning Words
Words that are spelled the same, but have different meanings.
Prefix
The word part before the root word.
Suffix
The word part at the end of the root word
Point of View
Some stories are written in the 1st person and use the word I. Others are written in the 3rd person and use the words: he, she...
Context Clues
Whne you use the words or sentances around the word to find a meaning .
Generalization
When you make a statement based from facts
Theme
The message the author wants to deliver
Flashback
When the author suddenly interrupts the flow of the story to jump back to earlier events
Stereotype
An opinion that describes an entire group of people
Propaganda
The facts, ideas, or claims to persuade people to support a particular opinion or course of action.
Foreshadowing
To give the reader information before it happens
Hyperbole
To exaggerate
Onomatopoeia
Writing words that sound like
Flow Chart
A step by step change of data over time
Index
Located at the back of a textbook and lists each section or topic found in the book with its page number
Table of Contents
Located in front of a book that lists units, chapters, stories or sections in the order that they appear in the book.
Glossary
A small dictionary in the back of the book.
Bold Print
Words that are usually written darker than others
Subheading
Introduces the main idea of the section that follows
Subtitles
Usually the second title of an article
Italics
Words that are written with slanting letters
Parenthesis
One or both of the curved markes ( ) used in writing
Graphic Organizers
A diagram used to help organize information from a selection
Heading
Tells what the article is about
Foot Notes
Information given at the bottom of a selection to help the reader understand words or terms.
Timeline
A sequence of events of a person or place in time
Diagram
A picture to thelp with the understanding of information
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