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31 terms

US History Terms Chapter 21

History Terms Chapter 21
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"Great Depression"
Time of America characterized with hard times and great challenges
Public Works
Government financed construction of public facilities
Work Relief
Government relief jobs
Reconstruction Finance Corporation
Given $500 million to loan to businesses
Hawley Smoot Tariff
Pushed foreign trading goods and agricultural item prices to their highest level in history, One of President Hoovers worst actions as president
Bonus Army
War veterans that demanded a promised check from the government
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Became president in 1932, served three terms and helped America tremendously through the Great Depression
"New Deal"
FDR's promise to get the US out of the economic crisis
Banking Crisis
Banking system on verge of total collapse
Bank Holiday
FDR demanded that for a 24 hour period, all banks be closed
"Brain Trust"
Composed mostly of professors from Columbia, FDR's advisors
"Fireside Chats"
Useful means of inspiring confidence and keeping public approval for the New Deal
CCC
Civilian Conservation Corps
Young, unmarried men to work in reforestation and soil conservation projects under the supervision of the army
PWA
Public Works Administration
Built school buildings, courthouses, hospitals, bridges, and other public facilities
WPA
Works Progress Administration
Eliminate the despised relief doles
AAA
Agricultural Adjustment Act
Established a new method of subsidizing farm products and aided debt ridden farmers
NIRA
National Industrial Recovery Act
Organized voluntary guidelines for industries to increase employment, maintain wages, and reduce unwanted competition
NRA
National Recovery Administration
Agency designed to carry out the activities prescribed by the NIRA
FDIC
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
Agency devised to insure the bank deposits of millions of Americans against loss.
TVA
Tennessee Valley Authority
Undertook an extensive project to build up dams along the Tennessee River to provide new means of energy
Social Security Act
Instituting old age pensions and unemployment insurance for American workers.
Huey Long
Louisiana senator, tax the rich to feed the poor
Francis Townshend
Proposed government pay a pension of $200 every month to each citizen over the age of 60
Charles Coughlin
Roman Catholic priest, turned weekly sermons on radio to national political broadcast
Alf Landon
Only republican candidate to offer in the 1936 election. Lost to FDR
Court Packing Plan
FDR's plan to put as many liberal New Dealers in the court as possible
John L Lewis
President of the United Mine Workers, organized the CIO
"Bread Lines"
Cash relief for those who applied and were approved
Dust Bowl
4 year drought, farmers suffered greatly. Many headed for Cali
CIO
Made headlines when rubber industry workers staged a simultaneous sit down strike
New York World's Affair
Attracted 45 million visitors to 1500 exhibits