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POS2041 Chapter 10 Study Guide
Terms in this set (20)
an organization of people with a shared policy goal, or goals, who enter the policy process at one of more points, in one or more policy arenas, to try to achieve their goals
a theory of American democracy emphasizing that the policy-making process is very open to the participation of all groups with shared interests, with no single group usually dominating. Pluralists tend to believe, as a result, that public interest generally prevails
a theory of American democracy contending that an upper-class elite holds the power and makes policy, regardless of the formal governmental organization
a theory of American democracy arguing that a wide variety of interest groups have become empowered with the ability to veto policy change, thereby leading to regular gridlock in Washington
also known as sub-governments, iron triangles consist of interest groups, government agencies, and congressional committees or subcommittees that have a mutually dependent, mutually advantageous relationship; they dominate some areas of domestic policy-making
all the people who might be interest group members because they share some common interest
the people in the potential group who actually join
goods and services, such as clean air and clean water, that by their nature cannot be denied to anyone
for an interest group, the fact that some or many potential group members will not join because they can benefit from the group's activities without joining
goods that a group can restrict to those who actually join
groups that have a narrow interest on which their members tend to take an uncompromising stance
"communication, by someone other than a citizen acting on his or her own behalf, directed to a governmental decision maker with the hope of influencing his or her decision"
direct group involvement in the electoral process, for example, helping to fund campaigns, getting members to work for candidates, and forming political action committees
political action committees (PACs)
groups that raise money from individuals and then distribute it in the form of contributions to candidates that the group supports. PACs must register with the FEC and report their donations and contributions to it
a provision found in some collective bargaining agreements requiring that all employees of a unionized business join the union within a short period of being hired, usually 30 days, and remain members as a condition of employment
state laws that forbid the creation of union shops
public interest lobbies
organizations that seek a collective good, which benefits the society as a whole
How do Americans compare to citizens of other countries with regard to interest group participation?
more active than other nations
How do lobbyists help members of Congress? How persuasive is lobbying?
source of information, help with political strategy for getting legislation through, formulate campaign strategy and get a group's members behind a politician's reelection campaign, sources of ideas and innovations
Not very persuasive; used to activate and reinforce supporters
How do interest groups affect the "scope of government"?
Interest groups make it hard to reduce the scope of government
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