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Road to Revolution Study Cards
Terms in this set (13)
The Proclamation of 1763
•Prevented colonists from living west of the Appalachian Mountains
•Made colonists live where it was easier for the British to control them (and collect taxes)
•10,000 soldiers sent by the King to the colonies to make sure people followed this law.
The Sugar Act 1764
•Lowered the tax on molasses
•Put a three-cent tax on foreign sugar
•Britain hoped this would stop colonists from smuggling goods
The Stamp Act 1765
•Britain needed income to pay off debts from French and Indian War
•Taxed all printed materials in the colonies
•Newspapers, wills, playing cards all needed a "stamp" to show the tax had been paid
The Townshend Acts 1767
•Parliament passed this law to tax imported goods such as glass, tea and paper.
•The tax was paid when the goods arrived, before they were brought inside the colonies
The Boston Massacre, March 5, 1770
•Britain sends troops to Boston because of protests
•A fight breaks out between soldiers and citizens
•Five people are killed
•Used as propaganda by colonists against the British
Committees of Correspondence
•Samuel Adams revives this group to help colonial leaders to communicate with each other
•It was a way for the colonies to spread political ideas and information, and circulate calls for action against Britain
The Tea Act 1773
•British Parliament passes this law to save the British East India Company from financial ruin.
•Gave this company a monopoly of the market for tea
•Removed some, but not all, taxes on tea
The Boston Tea Party, December 1773
•Sons of Liberty, dressed as Native Americans boarded three British tea ships and dump 342 boxes of tea into Boston Harbor.
Coercive/Intolerable Acts 1774
•Laws passed by British Parliament and King George III to try and regain control of the colonies
•Colonists had to quarter, or let British soldiers live in their homes
•Banned all town meetings in New England
•Closed Boston Harbor until colonists paid for all the ruined tea
First Continental Congress 1774
•55 delegates from colonies meet in Philadelphia, PA
•Issued a statement of grievances (complaints) to King & Parliament
•Voted to boycott all trade with Britain
•Declared Coercive Acts illegal
•Created colonial militias
Lexington & Concord 1775
•British troops march to Lexington looking for arms and ammo - meet & kill 8 colonial militiamen
•On way back from Concord, MA colonial troops ambush & kill 73 British soldiers
•"shot heard 'round the world"
•Colonists who sided with the British.
•Did not think Taxes were the reason to rebel against Britain
•Believed Britain would win and did not want to be on the losing side.
•Colonists who wanted to break away from Britain.
•Believed the colonies should have the right to govern themselves.
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