Movements in American Literature
Movements of American literature and related terms
Terms in this set (21)
17th century Puritan era of literature that focuses on God and simple everyday life
The Age of Reason
movement in the 1700s begun in England and France, when concepts of liberalism, rationality, equality, and individualism dominated social and political thinking. (philosophers: John Locke, Baruch Spinoza, Voltaire, Denis Diderot, Rousseau, Montesquieu)
a movement in literature and art during the late 18th and early 19th centuries that celebrated nature rather than civilization; (focused on nature, beauty, and the exotic)
a philosophical and literary movement of the 1800s that emphasized living a simple life and celebrated the truth found in nature and in personal and imagination
writers like Nathaniel Hawthorne, Edgar Allan Poe, and Herman Melville who disagreed with the transcendentalist view of returning to nature and believed that nature was not always benevolent or accepting toward man. (also called the Dark Romantics)
This was the new style of literature that focused on the daily lives and adventures of a common person. This style was a response to Romanticism's supernaturalism and over-emphasis on emotion
grew out of realism and like realism attempted to depict life truthfully and accurately, but naturalists believed that a person's fate was determined by heredity, chance, and the elements of his or her environment; by forces of nature and society a person could not control or understand
an element in literature that conveys a realistic portrayal of a specific geographical locale, using the locale and its influences as a major part of the plot
black artistic movement in New York City in the 1920s, when writers, poets, painters, and musicians came together to express feelings and experiences, especially about the injustices of Jim Crow; leading figures of the movement included Countee Cullen, Claude McKay, Duke Ellington, Zora Neale Hurston, and Langston Hughes.
mid-nineteenth century poets; given name because their poetry was read next to fire in the evening as a form of entertainment; (includes Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Oliver Wendell Holmes, William Cullen Bryant, James Russell Lowell, and John Greenleaf Whittier)
literary movement that flourished between 1912 and 1927; Led by Ezra Pound and Amy Lowell, these kinds of poets rejected 19th century poetic forms and language. Instead, they wrote short poems that used ordinary language and free verse to create sharp, exact, concentrated pictures
journalism that crusades for social justice or to expose wrongdoing
was an artistic and literary movement of the early 20th century that championed experimentation, technicality, primitivism, impersonalism, aestheticism, and intellectualism
Writing from the 1950s forward characterized by experimentation and continuing to apply some of the fundamentals of modernism, which included existentialism and alienation. Postmodernists have gone a step further in the rejection of tradition begun with the modernists by also rejecting traditional forms, preferring the anti-novel over the novel and the anti-hero over the hero. (A period of literature after WW II that saw a rise in feminism, literary criticism, and contemporary topics including racial issues. Also sometimes called "The Age of Anxiety")
A story that blends futuristic technology with scientific fact and fiction, often showing the impact of science on individuals or society.
Theatre of the Absurd
A form of drama that emphasizes the absurdity of human existence by employing disjointed, repetitious, and meaningless dialogue, purposeless and confusing situations, and plots that lack realistic or logical development
play that may be a tragedy, comedy or a mixture of the two with a focus generally on personal issues and normally about ordinary people. Generally experiments with unconventional plot structures.
Puritan Plain Style
typical writings in the 1600s in America; short words, direct statements, ordinary objects refrenced, practical, useful, purpose to serve God, appeal to sense or emotion is dangerous
Poetry that uses the appearance of the verse lines on the page to suggest or imitate the poem's subject
writing which presents the mannerisms, dress, speech and customs of a particular geographical region (Regionalism)
A form of drama in which participants read aloud from scripts adapted from stories and convey ideas and emotions through vocal expression. Unlike a play, there is no costuming, movement, stage sets, or memorizing of lines. An oral interpretation of a story.