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27 terms

US History Final Exam

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Who seized power in an 1834 Mexico City revolt?
Antonio López de Santa Anna
The state constitution drawn up by Californians at a convention in 1849 was notable for excluding
African Americans
Which of the following did many westward emigrants bypass?
Great Plains
In the 1820s, Mexico invited American settlers into
Texas
Who was president of the United States during the Mexican-American War?
James K. Polk
In the 1820s, New Mexico, Texas, and California attracted expansionists because
they were rich in resources and thinly settled
Which of the following is true about the Wilmot Proviso?
It divided Congress
Which group of Native Americans did Spanish colonists in New Mexico depend on for protection?
the Pueblos
At the end of the Mexican-American War, the United States paid $15 million and left Mexico City in return for
New Mexico and California
In the mid-1830s, both Anglo-Texans and Tejanos
wanted independent control of their own affairs.
What effect did the Wilmot Proviso have on relations between the North and the South?
It increased tensions between the north and south
The Mormons established a new colony called
New Zion
What was the purpose of the Wilmot Proviso?
to ban slavery and other forms of servitude from lands won from Mexico
Which of the following stirred discord between the North and the South?
Californias application for statehood
In the 1840s and 1850s, Mormons led by Brigham Young settled
present day Utah
Which of the following is an accurate statement about emigrants heading west in the mid-1800s?
Emigrants usually traveled in wagon trains of 50 to 1,000 people.
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo and the Gadsden Purchase increased the area of the United States by
1/3
In April 1836, General Santa Anna
was defeated at the Battle of San Jacinto.
Which group was enthusiastically in favor of war with Mexico?
Democrats
Winfield Scott faced bitter resistance from the Mexican army at?
Chapultepec
The acquisition of new lands from Mexico raised what divisive question?
Would these territories be slave or free?
During the California gold rush, about 25,000 laborers migrated to California from
China
People who believed int he Manifest Destiny were known as?
Expansionists
What Texan leader defeated Santa Anna at the Battle of San Jacinto?
Sam Houston
Journalist John J. O'Sullivan wrote an influential editorial about
Manifest Destiny
Where does the California Trail separate from the Oregon Trail?
between Fort Boise and Fort Bridger
What was the outcome of Polk's expansionist policies in the Oregon Territory?
The Oregon Territory was split between the United States and Britain