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unit 1 constitution democracy
Terms in this set (15)
Compare how models of representative democracy are visible in major institutions, policies, events, or debates in the U.S.
The U.S. government is based on ideas of limited government, including natural rights, popular sovereignty, republicanism, and social contract. such as participatory, pluralist and elite democracy
democracy, which emphasizes broad participation in politics and civil society
democracy, which recognizes group-based activism by nongovernmental interests striving for impact on political decision making
where decisions are made by elected representatives acting as trustees
Different aspects of the U.S. Constitution as well as the debate between the Federalists and Anti-Federalists in Federalist No. 10 and Brutus No. 1 reflect the tension between the broad participatory model and the more filtered participation of the pluralist and elite models.
The three models of representative democracy continue to be reflected in contemporary institutions and political behavior.
Explain how democratic ideals are reflected in U.S. foundational documents.
The Declaration of Independence, drafted by Jefferson with help from Adams and Franklin, provides a foundation for popular sovereignty, while the U.S. Constitution drafted at the Philadelphia Convention and led by George Washington, with important contributions from Madison, Hamilton, and members of the "Grand Committee," provides the blueprint for a unique form of political democracy in the U.S.
Compare and interpret Federalist and Anti-Federalist views on central government and democracy as reflected in U.S. foundational documents.
Madison's arguments in Federalist No. 10 focused on the superiority of a large republic in controlling the "mischiefs of faction," delegating authority to elected representatives and dispersing power between the states and national government. and Anti-Federalist writings, including Brutus No. 1, adhered to popular democratic theory that emphasized the benefits of a small decentralized republic while warning of the dangers to personal liberty from a large, centralized government.
Explain the relationship between key provisions of the Articles of Confederation and the debate over granting the federal government greater power formerly reserved to the states.
Lack of centralized military power to address Shays' Rebellion
Lack of tax law enforcement power
Requirement of unanimity of all states to amend the articles
Describe the impact of political negotiation and compromise at the Constitutional Convention on the development of the constitutional system.
Compromises deemed necessary for adoption and ratification of the Constitution are represented by the:
Great (Connecticut) Compromise
Compromise on the importation of slaves
EK 1.B.2.b: Debates about self- government during the drafting of the Constitution necessitated the drafting of an amendment process in Article V that entailed either a two-thirds vote in both houses or a proposal from two-thirds of the state legislatures, with final ratification determined by three-fourths of the states.
EK 1.B.2.c: The compromises necessary to secure ratification of the Constitution left some matters unresolved that continue to generate discussion and debate today
Explain how the issues raised in the ratification debate continue to be expressed today in ongoing philosophical disagreements about democracy and governmental power.
The debate over the role of the central government, the powers of state governments, and the rights of individuals remains at the heart of present-day constitutional issues about democracy and governmental power, as represented by:
Debates about government surveillance resulting from the federal government's response to the 9/11 attacks
The debate about the role of the federal government in public school education
Explain the implications of separation of powers and "checks and balances" for the U.S. political system.
Multiple access points for stakeholders and institutions to influence public policy flows from the separation of powers and checks and balances.
EK 1.C.2.b: Impeachment, removal, and other legal actions taken against public officials deemed to have abused their power reflect the purpose of checks and balances.
Describe how the distribution of powers among three federal branches and between national and state governments impacts policy making.
National policymaking is constrained by the sharing of power between and among the three branches and the state governments.
Describe how the Constitution allocates power between the national and state governments.
The exclusive and concurrent powers of the national and state governments help explain the negotiations over the balance of power between the two levels.
Explain how the appropriate balance of power between national and state governments has been interpreted differently over time.
The interpretation of the 10th and 14th Amendments, the commerce clause, the necessary and proper clause, and other enumerated and implied powers is at the heart of the debate over the balance of power between the national and state governments.
EK 1.D.2.c: Debates about self- government during the drafting of the Constitution necessitated the drafting of an amendment process in Article V that entailed either a two-thirds vote in both houses or a proposal from two-thirds of the state legislatures, with final ratification determined by three-fourths of the states.
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