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A History of Western Society Ch. 17 Terms (11th Edition): The Expansion of Europe
All key terms from A History of Western Society 11th Edition Chapter 17, The Expansion of Europe
Terms in this set (11)
The movement to fence in fields in order to farm more effectively, at the expense of poor peasants who relied on common fields for farming and pasture.
The transformation of large numbers of small peasant farmers into landless rural wage earners
A stage of industrial development in which rural workers used hand tools in their homes to manufacture goods on a large scale for sale in a market.
The eighteenth century system of rural industry in which a merchant loaned raw materials to cottage workers, who processed them and returned the finished products to the merchant.
The shift that occurred as families in northwestern Europe focused on earning wages instead of producing goods for household consumption; this reduced their economic self-sufficiency but increased their ability to purchase consumer goods
The organization of artisanal production into trade-based associations or guilds each of which received a monopoly over its trade and the right to train apprentices and hire workers
A belief in free trade and competition based on Adam Smith's argument that the invisible hand of free competition would benefit all individuals, rich or poor
A series of English laws that controlled the import of goods to Britain and British colonies
Treaty of Paris
The treaty that ended the seven years' War in Europe and the colonies in 1763 and ratified British victory on all colonial fronts
A form of serfdom that allowed a planter of rancher to keep his workers or slaves in perpetual debt bandage by periodically advancing food, shelter and a little money.
Atlantic slave trade
The forced migration of Africans across the Atlantic for slave labor or plantations and in other industries; the trade reached its peak in the eighteenth century and ultimately involved more than 12 million Africans
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