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22 terms

world history--persia & greece

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cyrus
1st Persian emperor; after conquering Babylonia, he freed the Jews from the Babylonian exile; killed by Queen Tomyris
darius
grandson of Cyrus; built LOTS of canals and royal roads; established "Pony Express" message system; standardized weights, measures, and currency
marathon
battle between greeks and persians-->greeks win; a messanger ran all the way back to Athens to tell them that they'd won and uttered the word "nike (victory)" before dying of exhaustion
thermopylae
battle of "the 300"--> Persians technically won, but the Spartans bought time (which saved their city)
leonidas
king of sparta who led his 300 men in the battle of thermopylae
salamis
sea battle between the greeks and the persians-->greeks win by having huge pointed rods on their ships and ramming into the persians
xerxes
son of darius who tried to finish what his father had started with the greeks-->epic fail
hellenization
to "greek-ify"; Alexander the Great spread this
herodotus
greek historian who wrote of the persian wars, amazonian women, etc.
medea
greek trajedy about "a woman scorned"-->her man left her so she killed their children, his new wife, and his new wife's dad
oedipus rex
greek trajedy about fate--> a prince cannot escape his fate of killing his father and marrying his mother
Lysistrata
greek comedy about women going on a sex strike until their husbands make peace (peloponnesian war)
odysseus
greek hero-->stradegist who thought of the trojan horse
achilles
greek hero-->best warrior EVER
helen
most beautiful woman in the world; she had a "face that launched 1,000 ships"
menelaus
helen's husband and king of sparta
agamemnon
king of mycenae and menelaus' brother
priam
king of troy
hector
prince of troy--> their finest warrior
paris
prince of troy; "kidnapped" helen--> start of trojan war
apple
myth--> this golden fruit, made by the goddess of discord, Eris, was the start of the trojan war
homer
blind greek poet who wrote "the Iliad" and "the Odyssey"