PSYCHOLOGY. 1Q BENCHMARK TEST REVIEW

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What stage of prenatal development includes the formation of most of the major organs?
Embryo
Which concept explains the brain's ability to modify itself after damage?
Plasticity
_________ is the extent to which a test measures or predicts what it is supposed to.
Validity
What kind of statistics use numbers to summarize and describe data?
Descriptive
What is the correlation if two variables change in opposite directions?
Negative
What is the automatic response called of a baby's tendency, when touched on the cheek, to open the mouth and search for food?
Rooting reflex
A two year-old would struggle with which question according to Erikson's stage of social development?
Can I do this myself?
Which type of scan would be most helpful in detecting enlarged fluid-filled brain regions in some patients who have schizophrenia?
MRI
Which motor and physical development stage would an infant accomplish last?
Walking on his own
In Erikson's psychosocial stage model, at which stage does the child's peer group gain greater significance and become a major source of the child's self-esteem?
Industry vs. Inferiority
What is one way to study the differences between the two brain hemispheres?
Study people who have a surgically separated corpus callosum.
Why is scientific research applied to psychology rather than simply using "common sense" to evaluate?
It helps evaluate uncertainties using various methods that produce data.
What is sensation?
Process by which our sensory receptors take in stimulus energy from our environment.
In Mrs. Riley's class, students fill out a questionnaire about their home life, parents' careers, college interest, how many siblings, etc. What kind of research is being done?
Survey
The amygdala, hyipothalamus, & hippocampus are part of which part of the brain?
Limbic system
What are the two main divisions of the nervous system?
Central, Peripheral
Where is the cell body of the neuron located?
In the CENTER of the neuron
Name an example of Piaget's concept of object permanence.
A child lifting a blanket to retrieve the toy hiding underneath.
Name an example of formal operational thinking.
Developing a hypothetical situation and asking "What if?"
Which nervous system is responsible for functions such as breathing, heart rate, stomach digestion, and sweating?
Autonomic
Which research method is most reliable in showing cause & effect or causation?
Experiment with variables
A chart that depicts the FREQUENCY of cups of coffee drunk each day is an example of ____________________ data.
QUANTITATIVE
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