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42 terms

Ch. 12-Exam Review

OMG THIS IS SOOO ANNOYING
STUDY
PLAY
Treaty of Nanjing
made China give up Hong Kong and got extraterritorrial rights for Britain
Opium
product that China wanted from Britain
extraterritorial rights
British law applies to the British people in China
Opium War
a conflict between Britain and China, lasting from 1839 to 1842, over Britain's opium trade in China.
Sphere of Influence
a way to spread influence to other colonies and countries
Open Door Policy
allowed trade in China without other countries trying to colonize the country
Boxer Rebellion
Chinese rebellion against foreign influence
Japan
who China bases their government from
Matthew Perry
asked Japan if they could open up trade ports in their country by using Gunboat Diplomacy
Treaty of Kanagawa
treaty for Japan opening two ports with extraterritorial rights to Britain
Meji Era
era where Mutsuhito ruled and industrialized Japan
Mutsuhito
Japanese emperor who appealed to pride and nationalism
Korea
country what both Japan and China agreed to keep hands off of, eventually fought for it
Sino-Japanese War
Japan and China fighting for Korea, even after they have a hands off agreement
Hands off agreement
Japan and China vowing not to take Korea
Japan
wins the Sino-Japanese war, gets Taiwan as a result
Russo-Japanese War
Japan fighting Russia for Korea/Manchuria
Treaty of Portsmouth
treaty giving Japan captured territories, made Russia stay out of Korea/Manchuria; drafted by Teddy Roosevelt
Japan bombs ships in Russia
the "low blow" Japan hits against Russia
annexation
bringing countries under new control
caudillos
anybody in Latin America who worked for/ was in/ or supported the military
Monroe Doctrine
told Europeans to stay out of the Western Hemisphere
Jose Martí
Cuban poet who was kicked out of Cuba and planned a Cuban rebellion in NY
Sugar
Cuba's biggest export
Martí
gained independence for East Cuba
Grover Cleveland
president who wanted the US to be neutral
Cuba
who America supported
William Randolph Hearst
created the New York Journal
Joseph Pulitzer
wrote for the New York World
Yellow Journalism
sensational exaggerated stories meant to attract readers; only had SOME truth to it
Enrique de Lome
spanish ambassador to the US; resigned after the explosion of the Maine
Havana
where the Maine exploded
Jingoism
attitude of aggressive nationalism
Theodore Roosevelt
former assistant secretary to the Navy; resigned to fight with the Rough Riders
George Dewey
fought in Manilla Bay in the Philippines, had an easy win
Emilio Aguinaldo
assisted George Dewey in the fight in the Philippines, was taken advantage of
Santiago Harbor
where the US landed in Cuba, well protected
Rough Riders
volunteer fighters who were cowboys from the west US, Theodore Roosevelt fought with them
Treaty of Paris
ended the Spanish-American War. The U.S. gained Guam, Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Philippines.
Platt Amendment
prevented newly independent Cuba from making treaties with other nations and gave the US control over Guantanamo Bay
Roosevelt Corollary
signed by Roosevelt that gave US police rights over the Panama Canal
Panama Canal
built to connect the Pacific Ocean to the Atlantic