42 terms

New Testament Ch 1 Test

Among the criteria historians have developed to study the historical Jesus are consistency, convergence and 2 more. Pick the other two: _________ and __________.
Originality; Linguistic Analysis
This type of criticism compares the minor changes and mistakes the copyists made down through the centuries so that the translations we have today are as accurate as possible. __________
Give the two English translations of the Bible used by Catholics today ________ and _______.
American; Jerusalem
A type of criticism that focuses on evangelists as editors and how and why they arranged their sources the way they did. _________
The Latin translation of the Bible began in the year ________ and it is called the ________.
383 AD; vulgate
This term means "to edit for publication". _________
This type of criticism helps us read the Gospels intelligently and identify the genre of a particular text. _______
A passage where Jesus confronts his opponents ________.
A deliberately exaggerated saying _______.
A vivid short story, conveys religious truth _______.
Unique to John, Jesus reveals his identity. _________
revelation discourse
It was _______ who "invented" the Gospel form of literature.
Matthew used his own sources to compose his Gospel and two others. _____ and _____.
Q/Quelle; Mark
Luke used his own sources to compose his Gospel and two others. ________ and ________.
Mark; Q/Quelle
The Greek "synoptikos" means ________.
seen together
Which document used by two Gospel writers is hypothetical?
The Gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke are known as the ______ Gospels.
The three general criteria the Magisterium has given commentators to help them interpret sacred scripture according to the Spirit who inspired it are: 1) Pay attention to the __________ of the _________ scripture.
Content and unity; whole
Look at the scripture within "the living ________ of the whole Church".
Be attentive to the _______ of our beliefs
Logical relationship
Scholars theorize that the authors of Matthew and Luke drew on a common source known as ________ from the German meaning source.
This type of criticism tries to determine "what" the New Testament writers used to compose their works. __________
_________ criticism first attempts to discover what the evangelists really wanted to say when they wrote a particular text. This is called the _______ sense of the text.
Historical; Literal
There were 3 forms of oral preaching. The first preaching about Jesus which was given to unbelievers is called ________.
Another form of preaching was actually in depth teaching known as ________.
The third form of oral preaching was actually given through the ___________ of Christians.
By AD _____(year), the four Gospels, the Pauline ______, ___________ and some other letters were generally accepted as inspired.
200; Letters; Acts
By the year AD _____, Church Father, St _________ established the New Testament canon at the present 27 books.
367; Athanasius
The ________ of the Bible refers to the official list of books the Church considers _________ writings.
Canon; Inspiration / Inspired
God chose men and made use of their ________ to write what He intended.
__________ refers to the Holy Spirit teaching truth thorough the individual authors of the book of the Bible.
Inspiration / Inspired
It is correct to say that Jesus is the _______ of the New Testament, and that this "one" is between God and all ___________.
Covenant; Humanity
________ was the word Jewish scholars from the third century BC used to mean "covenant".
_______ is the Greek word for Torah
The Jewish historian, _________, did not question the ________ existence of Jesus.
Josephus; Historical
In 115 AD, the Roman historian, ____________ refers to the depraved Christians and their originator, Christ.
This Christ had been executed during the reign of Emperor _______, by the governor of Judea, _________.
Tiberius; Pontius Pilate
__________ wrote letters to the Emperor _________ for advice on how to deal with the "superstition" practiced by Christians.
Pliny the Younger; Trajan
WRITE OUT The Church included books in the New Testament that met what three criteria?
1) Wide spread Acceptance 2) Conformity to the Rule of faith 3) Apostolic Origin
WRITE OUT The three stages involved in the formation of the Gospels are: (include dates)
1) Public life and preaching of Jesus = 4-6 BC; 30-33 AD 2) Oral Tradition = 30-50 AD 3) The New Testament = 50-120 AD
WRITE OUT Eventually the oral preaching about Jesus and his teachings had to be committed to writing for what three major reasons?
1) The end of the world wasn't coming as quickly as they thought it would. 2) Heresies were settling in 3) Started to receive all info. from 1 source - Magisterium
What is the relationship between the 3 Gospel writers?
Mark -M (Matthew) -L (Luke) - Q