25 terms



Terms in this set (...)

New Right
Conservative political movements in industrialized democracies that have arisen since the 1960's and stress "traditional values," often with a racist undertone.
Budget deficit
a situation in which the government spends more than it takes in
governmental provision of economic assistance to persons in need
a lawyer who pleads cases in court
Ronald Reagan
First elected president in 1980 and elected again in 1984. He ran on a campaign based on the common man and "populist" ideas. He served as governor of California from 1966-1974, and he participated in the McCarthy Communist scare. Iran released hostages on his Inauguration Day in 1980. While president, he developed Reagannomics, the trickle down effect of government incentives. He cut out many welfare and public works programs. He used the Strategic Defense Initiative to avoid conflict. His meetings with Gorbachev were the first steps to ending the Cold War. He was also responsible for the Iran-contra Affair which bought hostages with guns.
a plan of action adopted by an individual or social group
silk roads
the most famous of the trading routes established by pastoral nomads connecting the European, Indian, and Chinese; transmitted goods and ideas among civilizations
political systems
The system a government uses to govern, or set rules for the safety of, its people.
econmoic development
thre pursuit of improved economic and social well being by a country
marketing arrangement
selecting, managing, and motivating individual channel members and evaluating their performance over time
strategic defense initiative
Popularly known as "Star Wars," President Reagan's SDI proposed the construction of an elaborate computer-controlled, anti-missile defense system capable of destroying enemy missiles in outer spaced. Critics claimed that SDI could never be perfected.
patterns by which government decision making power is organized, exercised, and transferred
velvet revolution
A peaceful protest by the Czech people that led to the smooth end of communism in Czechoslovakia.
George H.W.Bush
41st U.S. President. 1989-1993. Republican
a policy of the Soviet government allowing freer discussion of social problems
saddam hussein
President of Iraq from 1979 to 2003. Waged war on Iran in 1980-1988. In 1990 he ordered an invasion of Kuwait but was defeated by United States and its allies in the Gulf War (1991). Defeated by US led invasion in 2003.
Steve Jobs
Cofounder of Apple Computer; became media, technological visionary.
Bill Gates
United States computer entrepreneur whose software company made him the youngest multi-billionaire in the history of the United States (born in 1955)
space shuttle
a reusable spacecraft with wings for a controlled descent through the Earth's atmosphere
the calculated use of violence (or threat of violence) against civilians in order to attain goals that are political or religious or ideological in nature
Al Gore
vice president of the United States under Bill Clinton (born in 1948)
budget surplus
an excess of tax revenue over government spending
Condoleezza Rice
First woman appointed as national security advisor, by President George W. Bush, in 2001.
department of homeland security
US federal agency created in 2002 to coordinate national efforts against terrorism
genetic engineering
the technology of preparing recombinant DNA in vitro by cutting up DNA molecules and splicing together fragments from more than one organism