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Total distance divided by total time.


Described by both speed and direction.


Push or pull on an object.


Any change in position.


Accelerates objects at a rate of 9.8 m/s2


The rate of change of velocity.

instantaneous speed

Speed measured at a given point in time.


The tendency for an object to resist any change in its motion.

Second law

F = ma comes from Newton's


The force that opposes motion between two surfaces which are touching each other.

first law

An object in motion tends to stay in motion is part of Newton's


Results when force is in the direction of velocity.

final velocity

Vf stands for?

negative velocity

Results when force is in the opposite direction of velocity.


The specific name for OH-


The ability to cause change.


The specific name for H3O+


Releases hydroxide ions into aqueous solution.

thermal pollution

Occurs when waste heat significantly changes the temperature of the environment.


Releases hydrogen ions into aqueous solution.


A process in which oxides are removed from metal surfaces using hydrochloric acid.

Kinetic energy

the energy of motion


The specific name for what results when a solid metal is dissolved in another solid metal.

specific heat

The energy required to raise the temperature of 1 kg of material 1 K.

Potential energy

stored energy

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